Item - Woodstock sewers fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Woodstock sewers fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record

Parallel title

COA49

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1890 - 1943, nd. (Creation)
    Creator
    City of Woodstock - Public Works
    Place
    Woodstock

Physical description area

Physical description

approx. 6 cm of textual records

  • includes approx. 100 sewer plans and 19 sewer permit booklets

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1798 -)

Administrative history

Although designated a potential town site in 1798, Woodstock was not settled until 1800 and it was not until 1851 that it was established as a town. In 1901, Woodstock was established as a city.

Originally the Woodstock Council’s Committee on Public Works, along with the City Engineer, was responsible for the construction and maintenance of drainage sewers within the town boundaries. Early sewer systems were built of timber, often being bored out logs that were laid underground. Unfortunately such systems of pipes were problematic as the timber was likely to sag and water could become foul and infested with insects. Moreover, as the town’s population continued to increase the current timber system was seen as objectionable to handle the increase of waste from the water closets draining into the sewers. Because of this the timber sewer systems were replaced by circular brick sewers which could handle the removal of surface water and the increase of household waste as well as the introduction of a domestic water supply in the 1880s. These systems of sewers would drain into the River Thames, Cedar Creek and closed ponds belonging either to the town itself or private factories. However, by the early 1900s treatment facilities were operational in Woodstock and were operated by what was eventually known as the Woodstock Public Utilities Commission.

Presently, maintenance of the sanitary and storm sewer collection system is the responsibility of the City’s Public Works Department. As of 2012, the sanitary sewer system consists of approximately 165 km of sanitary sewers ranging in size from 6" diameter to 42" diameter with approximately 13,000 units connected to the system. The storm sewer system consists of approximately 100 km of storm sewers ranging in size from 6" diameter to 96" diameter and approximately 2,900 catch basins. These systems are no longer made of timber or brick, but are designed using reinforced concrete, metal and plastic materials. In addition, the City of Woodstock is serviced by one Water Pollution Control Plant which provides both primary and secondary sewage treatment with efficient affluent discharges to the Thames River, which must meet M.O.E.E. guidelines for water quality.

Custodial history

The records were created by the City of Woodstock. These records were donated to the Woodstock Museum and later transferred to the County of Oxford Archives in February 2012.

Scope and content

The fonds consist of letters and reports re. sewer work, drainage, estimates, calculations, sewage effluents from factories, etc (1890-1910, nd.); approx. 100 sewer plans/drawings (1899-1917); and 19 sewer permit booklets (1903-1943). Most of the letters and reports are written to the Mayor and County Council from the City Engineer, though some of the correspondence is with the Chief Health Officer of Ontario.

Notes area

Physical condition

The materials in this collection are in good condition.

Immediate source of acquisition

The fonds was acquired in February 2012 by the County of Oxford Archives from the Woodstock Museum.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • Canadian English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

The fonds is open to publish research. However, please contact the archivist responsible for the records regarding access, as some materials may be too fragile to handle. The Archives will make every effort to supply reference copies where feasible.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Copyright is held by the archives. Researchers are responsible for observing copyright regulations that may apply to the publication of their research. If you wish to publish any of this material, please contact the archivist responsible for the records.

The Archivist has the right to restrict reproduction if the material is in a fragile condition.

Finding aids

An item level description is available for researchers.

Associated materials

RG2 - County of Oxford fonds

  • Series 4: Clerk
  • Series 18 Public Works

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No further accruals are expected

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