Series 5 - United Nations Records

Title and statement of responsibility area

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United Nations Records

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Reference code

CA ON00093 2005/5-5

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  • 1920-1998 (Creation)
    United Nations

Physical description area

Physical description

3.22 m of textual records (Boxes 3 to19)

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Administrative history

The United Nations (UN) is a loosely co-ordinated international system of deliberatory bodies, functional agencies, and temporary and permanent commissions with headquarters in New York, Geneva and elsewhere. The UN Charter was drawn up by 50 countries, including Canada, in San Francisco in the spring of 1945. Canadians took part in the founding of the UN and in many of its activities. By 1949, Canada and other nations sent military observers to Kashmir to monitor the border dispute between Pakistan and India. In 1956, Canada played a role in peacekeeping in the Middle East during the Suez Crisis under the influence of the Honourable Lester B. Pearson, the Minister of External Affairs. Pearson received the Nobel Peace prize for his efforts. Since 1956, the number, range and complexity of peacekeeping missions has grown steadily. Preserving international stability and security continues to increase the need for peacekeepers. The UN has many bodies involved in maintaining these activities. The Office of the General Secretary is important for policy matters. Field Service and Successory bodies contain important operational files. For more details, see files one and two in this fonds. Although security was the major consideration at the foundation of the UN, economic and social questions now prevail. The increasing membership of developing countries has directed the attention of most UN bodies to programs of aid and development and to devising a "New International Economic Order".

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Scope and content

Series consists of records and published documents of the United Nations. The published documents include treaty series including treaties and international engagements registered with the Secretariat of the League of Nations, Reports of the International Law Commission, Security Council, Resolutions and Decisions of the General Assembly and Secretariat records. Also contains records concerning the United Nations Emerging Force, the Special Committees on peacekeeping operations and the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF). Series also includes: United Nations documents relating to humanitarian issues, human rights, peacekeeping preparations and finances; press releases; magazines articles; and newspaper clippings.

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General note

The newspaper clippings have been separated from the textual material and are stored in separate file folders for conservation purposes.

General note

The treaty series of the League of Nations included documents in French and in English and some are missing from 1924 to 1930 (vols. 15 to 125, nos. 388 to 2867) and from 1934 to 1935 (vols. 144 to 161, nos. 3318 to 3729).

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