Fonds 97/4 - Serge Bernier fonds

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Serge Bernier fonds

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Fonds

Reference code

CA ON00093 97/4

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Date(s)

  • 1925-1993 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

1.64 m of textual records
20 photographs

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(fl.1995-2013)

Biographical history

Serge Bernier became the Director of the Directorate of History and Heritage of the Dept. of National Defence in 1995. Born in Montreal, he received an Honours B.A. (History) from Royal Military College. He then completed his Doctorate in contemporary history from Strasbourg, France, while serving as staff-officer at National Defence Headquarters. He ended his military career as a historian in uniform at the Directorate of History in Ottawa. Bernier then became Senior Historian (civilian), and later Director of History and Heritage. He has published or co-published dozens of articles and many books, including both volumes on bilingualism in the Canadian Armed Forces, with Jean Pariseau, and his doctoral thesis, Relations politiques franco-britanniques, 1947-1958. He was also General Allard's collaborator for the book: Mémoires du général Jean V. Allard.

Custodial history

Fonds originated at the Directorate of History of the Dept. of National Defence.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of material that were collected and written during the period preceding the publication of the second volume on the history of bilingualism in the armed forces, entitled: Les Canadiens français et le bilinguisme dans les Forces armées canadiennes. Tome II, 1969-1987. Includes a select amount of primary and secondary sources consulted consisting mainly of correspondance, memorandums and reports. Nine preliminary narratives composed by a variety of historians, which deal with a specific aspect of the subject of research, are also included. There are also draft chapters and a complete draft copy of the English translation of the book. Intended mainly for historiographical research, this fonds paints a partial picture of the process of researching and composing a vast historical study. There are five series:
I. Select Primary Sources Consulted
II. Select Secondary Sources Consulted
III. Preliminary Narratives
IV. Draft Chapters
V. Miscellaneous

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English
  • French

Script of material

Location of originals

Certain primary and secondary sources are photocopies made during the research for the book, in the mid-1980s. These are copies of items in the Directorate of History and Heritage's document collection.

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Unclassified

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

There are no restrictions to consultation. Series I, II and III should, however, be signed out by the box.

Finding aids

Copies of the finding aid are located in the first file of the fonds and in the Reading Room at the Directorate of History and Heritage. Electronic copies are also available.

Associated materials

The Directorate of History and Heritage's archives contain many documents related to different aspects of this fonds. On the subject of bilingualism in the armed forces: The following subject headings in the Document Collection catalogue should be consulted (the number in parenteses indicates the approximate number of documents; please keep in mind that the same document may be found under multiple subject headings):
Bilingualism (5);
Bilingualism and biculturalism (3);
Bilingualism - Canada (30);
Armed Forces - Canada - Bilingualism (45);
Canada - English-French Relations (15; not all are pertinent);
French Canadians (22; not all are pertinent);
Bilinguisme (3);
Bilinguisme - Canada (30);
Canada - Relations entre Canadiens Anglais et Français (6);
The Kardex catalogue also lists about ten documents on the topic under subject-headings beginning with Bilingual___. Most of these documents, from both collections, are individual items.
However, a few collections and fonds do exist. Among them are the following, all of which have a finding aid:
84/126: General Jean Victor Allard fonds - 272 files in 20 boxes. About six files are obviously related to bilingualism. The most pertinent files are: 6, 9, 59, 1010, 171, 174j-iii;
84/267: Fonds J.C.A. (Alexandre) Taschereau - 8 volumes;
84/331: Jean Pariseau fonds - 226 files in 31 boxes. The most pertinent files are all of those in series A: Le bilinguisme dans les forces armées (153 files) and some of series D: Les écoles du ministère de la défence (26 files);
90/444: Colonel Joseph Oscar Armand Letellier fonds - 6 boxes of unclassifed materials and 2 drawers of classified files. The great majority of these are related to the topic of bilingualism in the armed forces;
91/235: Major-General Henri Tellier fonds - 8 files in 1 box. At least 4 files are directly related to the subject;
91/237: Louis Noël-de-Tilly fonds - 15 boxes. The great majority of the files are directly related to the subject;
98/5: Dept. of National Defence. Group Coordinator Official Languages fonds - 23 files in 4 boxes. The great majority of these files are related to the topic of bilingualism in the Armed Forces;
Serge Bernier:
There are 11 items catalogued in the document collection under the heading bilingualism. Of these, about a half dozen are various published articles. Items 88/207 and 91/222 are publishers' drafts of the books that should not be consulted. Four other documents (84/200, 84/203, 84/204, 84/252) are interviews with different key figures in the shaping of bilingualism policy within the armed forces;
Jean Pariseau:
About 150 entries can be found under variations of the name (Pariseau, Jean, J.B.; Pariseau, Jean, J.B., Major) in the document collection card catalogue. The vast majority of these entries lead to individual documents on military aid and civil power in Canad and involve 116 different occasions when forces were called out to keep the peace from 1872 to 1972. The Jean Pariseau fonds (84/331) contains 266 files in 31 boxes and deals with the topics of bilingualism and military aid to civil powers. A catalogued biographical file contains general information on Pariseau's life.
Of particular interest are those which directly pertain to bilingualism in the armed forces. The documents used for the writing of: Les écoles pour les enfants de militaires canadiens, 1921-1983 by René Morin can be found in the Jean Pariseau fonds (84/331), series D. The manuscript containing drafts, negatives, printing and proofs of the book: Réformes linguistiques à la Défense nationale by Armand Letellier are in file 53 of his fonds (90/444)

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Accruals

Further accruals are not expected.

General note

This is a bilingual fonds. English and French. The book was composed in French and translated into English.

General note

Certain primary and secondary sources are photocopies made during the research for the book, in the mid-1980s. These are copies of items in the Directorate of History and Heritage's document collection.

General note

The published book should be consulted. Its call number is: UA 600 P374 v. 2. The 11 computer disks have been withdrawn from circulation. Researchers must use the textual copies.

General note

Originally titled French Canadians and Bilingualism in the Canadian Armed Forces. Volume II, 1969-1987. Official Languages: National Defence's Response to the Federal Policy / by Serge Bernier and Jean Pariseau fonds

General note

The published book should be consulted. Its call number is: UA 600 P374 v. 2.

General note

The 11 computer disks have been withdrawn from circulation. Researchers must use the textual copies.

General note

This is a bilingual fonds.

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