Series 1-2 - Official Subject Files (1944-1970)

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Official Subject Files (1944-1970)

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Reference code

CA ON00093 73/1223-1-2

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  • 1945-1972 (Creation)

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Boxes 1-59, 142, 144, 145, 200-217 (Files 1-771, 801-1123, 3398-3400)

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Biographical history

Air Chief Marshal Frank Robert Miller (CBE, CD) was born in Kamloops, British Columbia, on 30 April 1908. He was educated at the University of Alberta where he graduated with a bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering. He joined the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1931 and served in various flying, training and administrative capacities until the outbreak of the Second World War.
During the War, Air Chief Marshal Miller served in numerous senior positions in Canada, including the command of Air Navigation Schools at Rivers, Manitoba, Penfield Ridge, New Brunswick, and the General Reconnaissance School at Summerside, Prince Edouard Island. He also served at Air Force Headquarters as Director of Training Plans and Requirements and as Director of Training.
He proceeded overseas in 1944 and served with the Canadian Bomber Group first as Station Commander and then as Base Commander. In the spring of 1945 he was selected for a senior appointment in the "Tiger Force" in preparation for operations against Japan. On returning to Canada the same year he was appointed Chief Staff Officer at Air Material Command and later Air Officer Commanding. He attended the United States National War College from August 1948 to September 1949 and was then appointed Air Member Operations and Training at Air Force Headquarters. In August 1951 he was named Vice Chief of the Air Staff, and as the Canadian Air Representative on the Canada - United States Permanent Joint Board on Defence. In August 1954, he was appointed to the position of Vice Air Deputy at SHAPE Headquarters in Paris, and to the position of Deputy Minister of National Defence on 15 August 1955. In April 1960 he was appointed Chairman, Chiefs of Staff, and on 1 April 1964 he was promoted to the rank of Chief of the Defence Staff. Air Chief Marshal Miller retired in July 1966.

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Biographical history

General Charles Foulkes (CB, CBE, DSO, CD, LLD, DSc) was born in Stockton-on-Tees, England, on 3 January 1903. He was educated at the Central Collegiate Institute, London, Ontario, and at the University of Western Ontario. He was commissioned as a lieutnant in The Royal Canadian Regiment in 1926. In 1938, he attended the Staff College, Camberley. Captain in 1939, after holding various staff appointments and commanding The Regina Rifles, he was promoted brigadier in September 1942 to command the 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade. In April 1943, he became Brigadier General Staff, First Canadian Army. He was promoted major-general in January 1944 and commanded the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division in the U.K. and in North-West Europe until November 1944, when he was promoted lieutnant-general and assumed command of the 1st Canadian Corps in Italy. This corps moved to North-West Europe in February 1945 and, as part of the First Canadian Army, completed the liberation of Holland. He was appointed Chief of the General Staff on 21 August 1945. On 1 February 1951, he was appointed Chairman, Chiefs of Staff, responsible for co-ordinating inter-service operational and strategic matters. He was also Canadian Military Representative to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He was promoted to the rank of general on 26 January 1954. He retired in January 1960 and for a number of years gave lectures on defence matters. In 1968-69 he was visiting professor on strategic studies at Carleton University, Ottawa. He died on 12 September 1969.

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Scope and content

Series I and Series II are comprised of official subject files from the Office of the Chairman, Chiefs of Staff and, after 1964, from the Office of the Chief of Defence Staff. General Charles Foulkes was Chairman from 1951 to 1960 and Air Chief Marshal Frank Miller was Chairman from 1960 to 1964. Miller continued as Chief of Defence Staff from 1964 to 1966, General J.V. Allard was Chief from 1966 to 1969 and General F.R. Sharp was Chief from 1969 to 1972. Series I (files 1-771, 3399-3400) dates from 1944 to 1970 with the bulk of the material dating from 1951 to 1964. Series II (files 801-1123, 3398) dates from 1950 to 1974 with the bulk of material dating from 1962 to 1972.

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Classified material is stored in Boxes 200-217. Unclassified material is stored in Boxes 1-59 and 142.

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