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The Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) had its origins in the Canadian War Records Office (CWRO) and Canadian War Narrative Section (CWNS), organized in London during the First World War. The CWRO was formed in January 1916 under the direction of Lord Beaverbrook and was responsible for collecting and compiling historical records of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) and publicizing its activities. Its officers in England and France collected the records of Canadian units and formations and the unit war diaries. In addition, they collected data on the exploits of individuals and units in the field which were incorporated in office files. The CWNS was created to produce a narrative of the Last Hundred Days of the war which was used in the Report of the Ministry, Overseas Military Forces of Canada.
Meanwhile, By an Order in Council of 17 January 1917 Brig. Gen. E.A. Cruikshank was assigned the task of collecting material and records necessary to compile the history of the First World War. In November 1918 he became the "Director of the Historical Section of the General Staff". By the end of the war the CWRO ceased to exist. CWRO personnel and records formed the nucleus of the Historical Section in Ottawa. In 1919 the CWNS was transferred to Canada and amalgamated with the Canadian Army Historical Section in June 1921.
During the Second World War the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) began archiving their historical records. The RCAF Historical Section was small, with a maximum of five people on staff. The first official Naval Historian was Dr. Gilbert Norman Tucker. During the war the RCN Historical Section included the Naval Historian, one researcher in Great Britain and two in Ottawa. On 31 March 1948 the Naval Historical Section was shut down. It is uncertain who was responsible for the Navy's archives, but it may have been continued by the Directorate of Naval Information, Naval Staff Branch. The Naval Historical Section was re-established in March 1952 and the naval archives falling under the jurisdiction of the Naval Secretariat.
In 1964 the historical sections of the three armed services were integrated as the Armed Forces Directorate of History (DHist). After integration, the Directorate was attached to the Chief of the Defence Staff, but was shifted to the responsibility of ADM Policy and Communication in 1990. In 1996, ADM Personnel took responsibility for DHist. On 1 September 1996, the Directorate of History and the Directorate of Military Traditions and Heritage (DMTH) were amalgamated to form the Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH.)
The Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH) includes a Director and a Coordinator and includes the following sections:
DHH 2 – History and Archives
DHH 3 – Canadian Forces Dress and Ceremonial
DHH 5 – Canadian Forces Museums
DHH 6 – Military Heritage
DHH 7 – Canadian Forces Music
DHH 2 is responsible for fulfilling its primary role of researching and writing official histories of the Canadian Forces and Department of National Defence. In addition to producing official histories, it maintains an Archives and Library section to support the research and writing of official histories.