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John and Jane Henderson Crawford, emigrated from County Tyrone, Ireland to American in 1733, where the settled in Stamford, Connecticut, and then later Pound Ridge, Westchester County, New York in 1743. Benjamin Benedict Crawford was born there in 1777, but following the Revolutionary War, his parents settled in Long Reach, Kings County, New Brunswick, along with other family members. Benjamin Crawford was married in 1805 to Catherine Lyon, the daughter of a Loyalist settler. They remained in Long Reach until 1836, during which time their thirteen children were born. Benjamin Crawford farmed, was a Justice of the Peace for Kings County, and served for four years as Captain of the local militia.
In 1779, Benjamin Benedict Crawford had journeyed to Upper Canada and claimed two hundred acres of land in North Oxford Township, being Lot 14 in the 1st Concession. In 1835, his eldest son, Benjamin Wallace Crawford took up the North Oxford land, which his father had given him. The next year, Benjamin Benedict Crawford, his wife, and family, also moved to North Oxford Township, settling on Lot 14 in the 2nd Concession. He passed away in 1859, but many of his descendants carried on as prosperous farmers in the North Oxford area. Others moved to such places as Beachville, Ingersoll, London, British Columbia, and the United States where they farmed or pursued various occupations.
James Augustus Crawford was born on October 19, 1818 in Long Reach, New Brunswick and came to Oxford County, Canada West in June 1836 with his parents, Benjamin and Catherine, when he was 18 years old. He worked on his father’s farm and drove teams of oxen carrying wheat and salt to London, Brantford and Hamilton for his father, who operated a teaming business. On November 16, 1847 he married Sarah Jane Harris, the daughter of Elisha and Amelina (nee Loomies) Harris of West Oxford Township, and had ten children together. They settled on his farm, on the east half of Lot 14, Concession 3 in North Oxford Township. He was elected School Trustee of School Section No. 4 for several years and was on the board of St. James Anglican Church in Ingersoll. Following the death of his wife, James Augustus would married his brother Daniel’s widow, Elizabeth Ann Medhurst Mathew Crawford, and lived on the farm left to her by her husband on the east half of Lot 14, Concession 2, North Oxford. Ann would pass away in June 1884, and James Augustus moved to London, where he died on November 10, 1886.
Leman Wallace Crawford was born on January 9, 1855 to James Augustus and Sarah Jane (nee Harris) Crawford. After spending his early life on the farm near Ingersoll, Mr. Crawford came to London, Ontario where he was employed most of his life here as a carriage maker. He also served as a city employee for some years prior to his retirement. He married Mary Jane Mudge Bartlett on October 23, 1878 and passed away on January 5, 1943. They are both buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in London.
Christopher Colin Crawford, was James and Sarah Jane’s eight child and was born in June 1862 on Lot 14, Concession 3, North Oxford Township. He attended Dunn’s public school and became a school teacher. About 1884, he went to the Canadian West and then moved to Montana, United States. He was said to have been an agent for a newspaper and wrote articles and poetry related to his travels.
Charles William Armitage Crawford was born on September 12, 1821 along with his twin brother, George. He was the most successful farmer of Benjamin Benedict’s sons, farming the old homestead in North Oxford Township where the produced wheat, fruit, syrup, cheese and butter. He would also take charge of his father’s affairs before his passing, and recorded all debts, purchases, and sales in numerous Day Books. He married Margaret Polly, of Burford Township, was elected one of the three school trustee’s for Dunn’s School, and was a member of the Board of St. James Anglican Church in Ingersoll. His wife Margaret was one of the first Oxford County women to make cheese. She passed away on November 8, 1903 and her husband would pass away in Ingersoll in 1909.
Their daughter Eliza Georgina Crawford, was born on April 9, 1871, and would marry Emerson A. Nicols on October 20, 1891. They would farm the family homestead after Charles sold it to them. She would pass away in 1958 and is buried in the Ingersoll Rural Cemetery.
- information compiled from the family history prepared by Ruth Ellis, as well as through vital statistic records found through Ancestry.
Long Reach, Kings County, New Brunswick
North Oxford Township, Oxford County