Series 20 - Margaret Joan Anstee Manuscript

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Margaret Joan Anstee Manuscript

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CA ON00093 2005/5-20

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  • 1992-1993 (Creation)
    Anstee, Margaret Joan

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17 cm of textual records (Boxes 38-39)

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Biographical history

Margaret Joan Anstee served the United Nations for over four decades (1952-1993), rising to the rank of Under-secretary General in 1987. She worked on operational programmes of economic and social development in all regions of the world, mostly with the United Nations Development Programme. From 1987-1992 she served as Director General of the United Nations at Vienna, Head of the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs and Coodinator of all UN narcotic drug control programmes. From 1992-93 she was the Secretary General’s Special Representative to Angola and Head of the UN peacekeeping mission there (UNAVEM II – The UN Angola Verification Mission).

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Administrative history

The United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II) was established in May 1991 to verify the arrangements agreed by the Government of Angola and the União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola, for monitoring the ceasefire and the Angolan police during the ceasefire period, and to observe and verify elections, in accordance with the Peace Accords.

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Series consists of the manuscript of Margaret Joan Anstee’s book "Orphan of the Cold War: The Story Behind the Collapse of the Angolan Peace Process, 1992-1993", published in New York by St. Martin’s Press in 1996. The author sought the advice of Alan James regarding the shortening of the book for publication. This is the personal story of Dame Margaret Anstee's experiences as Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the UN for Angola and Head of the UN peacekeeping mission (United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II)) there from February 1992 to June 1993. Formerly a colony of Portugal, Angola was awarded independence following the democratization of Portugal in 1975. After independence, disagreement emerged between Angola's main ethno-political groups which resulted in one of the most bloody civil wars the world has known. The author, the first woman to head a peacekeeping mission, intersperses personal experiences with events as they unfold, describing the sufferings of the Angolan people and analyses the reasons for the collapse of the process and the lessons for UN peacekeeping generally.

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