Fonds 85/333; 92/235 - J.C. Arnell fonds

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J.C. Arnell fonds

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Reference code

CA ON00093 85/333; 92/235

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  • [19- ] - 1974 (Creation)
    Arnell, J.C.

Physical description area

Physical description

70 cm of textual records
32 photographs: col. & b&w; 17.5 x 12.5 cm

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Biographical history

John Carstairs (Jack) Arnell did chemical warfare research for the Canadian Army and was Assistant Deputy Minister (ADM) Finance for the Department of National Defence (DND). Arnell was born in Bermuda on 4 April 1918. At the age of twelve he enrolled at Ridley College in Ontario, and later attended Dalhousie and McGill universities. In 1924, at the age of 24, he received his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry. A career with the Canadian Army in chemical warfare research followed from 1942 - 1946. After the war, Arnell joined the Defence Research Board in Ottawa. Eventually he was appointed, in succession, Director of Scientific Intelligence and Scientific Advisor to the Chief of Air Staff and the Chief of Naval Staff. Arnell was ADM Finance for DND from 1966 to 1972. He then acted as a Special Assistant to the Deputy Minister of DND until his retirement in 1973. Upon retirement, he took over San Isidro, the family home on Point Finger Road in Hamilton, Bermuda. Arnell was father to three daughters, Susan, Elizabeth and Peggy. He died in April of 2000.

Custodial history

Series I was originally accessioned as 85/333 in 1985. It was acquired from the office of the Special Assistant to the Deputy Minister, DND. Series II was originally accessioned as 73/778 in 1982. It was received from Dr. Arnell. Series III was originally accessioned as 87/269. It was received from Dr. Arnell care of C.G.V. Tremblay, Lieutenant Commander, HMCS Algonquin in September 1987. Series IV was originally accessioned as 92/235 in 1992. The first three series were amalgamated in fonds 85/333 in 1998, and series IV was added in 2011.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of material covering the creation and development of the 1971 White Paper on Defence and the Defence Policy Review of the late 1960s and early 1970s. Throughout these papers, considerable attention is paid to the role of the Dept. of National Defence (DND) and the Canadian Armed Forces in Canada and in Europe, as well as their responsibilities within NATO and NORAD.
Documents include: typewritten correspondence, memoranda, reports, and studies. Also includes a volume of "NORAD: A Index to Hansard References by Subject", United Nations Emergency Force Information Book, and papers and correspondence on Defence Research and Development. There are also copies of speeches delivered to academic institutions (Civilian and Military), conferences, and clubs. Finally, there are various photographs of Canadian Forces planes, ships and helicopters.
There are three series:
I. Defence Policy in the 1960s
II. Papers
III. Speeches
IV. Photographs [92/235]

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Fonds acquired from Dr. Arnell in 1982 and 1987, and from the Office of the Special Assistant to the Deputy Minister in 1985. The immediate source of acquisition for Series IV is unknown.


Language of material

  • English

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Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Most files are Unclassified, with some Confidential, Secret, and NATO Secret files (see finding aid for details).

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Some documents are printed on fragile tissue paper, and a few documents are torn. Researchers are asked to handle and copy with care.

Finding aids

Copies of the finding aid are located in the first file of the fonds and in the Reading Room at the Directorate of History and Heritage. Electronic copies are also available.

Associated materials

The following related records can be found in the Document Collection:
71/168: Arnell, J. Carstairs. Development of Joint North American Defence (Report from Queen's Quarterly, vol. 77, #2, 1-15, 1970). Note: this document is also available under the Kardex number 000.2 (D37).
79/355: 14th Senior Officers Conference. Navy. 1964. [Briefing notes]
80/351: DND, Research and Development Branch, March 1979. Early defence atomic research in Canada with an introduction on the genesis of nuclear energy by A.K. Longair.
82/525: DND, Jan. 26-Feb. 20, 1973. Air defence policy review, 1973. Working goup chaired by J. C. Arnell, Special Assistant to the Deputy Minister of the DND.
93/173: Arnell, John Carstairs. Defence Research Establishment, Ottawa [selected inputs to the 50th anniversary edition of history for DREO] ed, J.J. Norman. Includes personal accounts, historical notes and commentary by J.C. Arnell, Miles Benson, R.L. Haines and J.J. Norman on Canadian chemical warfare projects.
94/41: DND, Directorate of History. [Reactions to Douglas Bland's "Institutional ambiguity: the Management Review Group and the reshaping of the defence policy process in Canada." Canadian Public Administration/ Administration publique de Canada XXX Winter/Hiver, 1987, 527-49.]
The following related record can be found in the Kardex Collection:
000.2 (D34): Reprint of article "Trooping to the Canadas" by J.C. Arnell (re the Royal Navy in 1838) from The Mariner's Mirror, vol. 53, #2. 1967.
Associated records can be found at Library and Archives Canada. The title is J.C. Arnell fonds, and the reference number is R4399-0-7-E.

Related materials


No further accruals expected.

General note

Originally titled Defence policy in the sixties

General note

The location for Series IV is 92/235. It is not stored with 85/333.

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