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Leslie and Jean Kilborn fonds

  • CA ON00340 F3304
  • Fondos
  • 1911-1967, predominant 1943-1952

Fonds consists of correspondence, 1943-1952; and reports and other material re United Church medical missions and West China Union University, 1911-1967.

Kilborn, Leslie Gifford, 1895-1967

Lucy Winifred Bryce fonds

  • CA ON00340 F3040
  • Fondos
  • 1937-1951

Fonds consists of articles and addresses on education in India, 1937-1951, and a typed manuscript re Living with Caste (n.d.).

Bryce, Lucy Winifred, 1890-1967

John Maclean fonds

  • CA ON00340 F3270
  • Fondos
  • 1863-1964, predominant 1884-1928

Fonds consists of eight series: 1) Correspondence, 1863-1964, 2) Diaries and Notebook, 1880-1928, 3) Major Publications, 1885-1927 4) Minor Publications, Writings, Notes and Scrap Books, 1879-1924, 5) Personal Material, 1886-1927, 6) Clippings, 1923-1927, 7) Marriage Stubs, Baptism and Burial Registers, 1884-1927, 8) Methodist Church of Canada and United Church of Canada Archives Department, 1919-1928.

Maclean, John, 1851-1928

Dr. Ernst Zimmermann fonds

  • Fondos

Papers relate to research, teaching, and the union, community, and political activities of Dr. Ernst Zimmermann, professor of history and Dean of Arts at Lakehead University.

The Way We Were Collection

  • CA ON00353 AFC 363
  • Colección
  • 1864-2012

Collection consists of captioned photographs contributed by Alan Noon to the Western News in a weekly photofeature entitled "The Way We Were". This feature ran from 2001 to 2012. Photographs were originally taken by London Free Press or Western News photographers, or by Noon himself. Noon wrote each caption; these are found in the scope and content notes for each photograph.

Noon, Alan

Canada Congregational Missionary Society fonds

  • CA ON00340 F204
  • Fondos
  • 1842-1926

Fonds consists of the following series: 1) Minutes of the Congregational Union of Canada West Missionary Society, 1842-1854; 2) Records of the Canada Congregational Missionary Society, 1869-1926, 3) Records of District Associations, 1837-1853.

Canada Congregational Foreign Missionary Society

Methodist Church (Canada) Missionary Society fonds

  • CA ON00340 F14
  • Fondos
  • [ca. 1851]-1950, predominant 1884-1925

Fonds consists of the following series: Minutes of the General Board of Missions, 1865-1925; correspondence of the General Secretaries, 1868-1923; records re foreign missions, 1888-1950; home mission records, 1906-1927; financial records, 1899-1930; quarterly returns of Aboriginal Institutes and day schools, 1902-1923; printed ephemera; and constitution and financial records of the Superannuation Fund for Lay Missionaries of the Foreign Fields, 1919-1929.

Methodist Church (Canada). Missionary Society

United Church of Canada Office of the Moderator and General Secretary fonds

  • CA ON00340 F499
  • Fondos
  • 1940-2015

Fonds consists of the following series: Records of Moderators, 1925-2018; Records of the General Secretary, 1944-2015; Records of Legal Counsel, 1911-2017; Personnel Office and Human Resources Department, 1946-2001; Records of Program Coordinator, Duty of Care and Incorporated Ministries, 1988-2011; Records of Program Coordinator, Communications, 2009-2013; Records of Program Coordinator, Committee Membership Services, 2006-2019; Records of Executive Minister, Theology and Leadership, 1912-2016; Records of Deputy Secretary, Regionalism and Personnel, 1979-1983; Records of Deputy Secretary, Theology and Faith Office, 1977-2001; Records of General Council Officer, Programs for Mission and Ministry, 2000-2015; Records of Executive Minister, Regional Relations, 2006-2014.

United Church of Canada. Office of the Moderator and General Secretary

William George Wallace fonds

  • CA ON00340 F3168
  • Fondos
  • 1872-1949

Fonds consists of a personal marriage register, 1919-1947; diaries and travel journals, 1872-1949; travel articles; correspondence, 1925-1948; and M. Wallace’s certificates, 1879-1895.

Wallace, William George, 1858-1949

Suffragette postcard collection

  • CA ON00351 WA 26
  • Colección
  • [ca. 1910]

Thirteen postcards concerning suffragettes and women's rights. Included are photographs of Christobel Pankhurst with Mrs. Pethick Lawrence at a demonstration in Hyde Park, one of a suffragette in prison, a portrait of Emmeline Pankhurst, and Mrs. Drummond protesting opposite the English House of Commons. The remainder are cartoons.

Letter to Joseph Jefferson from Jan Larue

  • CA ON00351 GA 25
  • Item
  • [18--?]

Undated typescript letter to Joseph Jefferson from Jan Larue in Iberia Parish, Louisiana. The letter requests Jefferson put in a good word for Larue. Also included is an undated photograph card of Joseph Jefferson, taken by Gilbert & Bacon studios in Philadelphia.

Larue, John

Maria Louise Clough scrapbook

  • CA ON00351 WA 24
  • Item
  • 1886-1887

Scrapbook kept by Maria Louise Clough while on a trip from Boston to England, Scotland, France and Italy in 1886 and 1887. The scrapbook contains cards, correspondence, clippings, ephemera, and realia (including plant material), and provides insight into the activities and tastes of a young woman from that period of time. Among the contents are: Cunard ephemera (including deck plans, menus, passenger list), theatre ephemera (including Henry Irving in Faust at the Lyceum), a cigarette, lace, Westminster Abbey ephemera, transportation tickets, a moving-part Christmas card, fringe forming part of the decoration of the funeral car of the Duke of Wellington, postcards, engravings, hotel ephemera, identified leaves and flowers, etc.

Clough, Maria Louise

Ontario Council of Christian Education (O.C.C.E.) fonds

  • CA ON00340 F4001
  • Fondos
  • 1860-1974

Fonds consists of administrative records of the organization throughout its history, as well as the departmental units of the Children’s Work Board and the Ontario Boys’ Work Board, including records of the Ontario Older Boys’ Parliament. The fonds also consists of records relating to annual conventions, camps, and records of local groups. Textual records include executive and committee minutes, annual reports, reports and briefs, correspondence, financial records, historical sketches, instructional manuals, programming resources, newsletters, and other subject files. This fonds also contains graphic materials, consisting of posters, oversize drawings, and photographs.

Ontario Council of Christian Education

Canadan Uutiset fonds

  • Fondos
  • 1935 - 1975

The correspondence, receipts, newspaper clippings, and several articles of the Canadan Uutiset, a Finnish-language newspaper based in Thunder Bay.

United Church of Canada Division of Communication fonds

  • CA ON00340 F515
  • Fondos
  • 1926-2016, predominantly 1968-2002

Fonds consists of fourteen series: 1) Records relating to Administration and Finance, 1967-2012, 2) Records of the United Church Publishing House, 1967-2010, 3) Records of the Retail and Distribution Department/United Church Resource Distribution, 1986-2010, 4) Records of the Graphics and Print Department, 1975-2001, 5) Records relating to Resource Coordination, 1990-2012, 6) Records relating to Publicity, Education and Information, 1969-2016, 7) Records relating to Communication Education, 1968-1997, 8) Records of the Committee on Education for Mission and Stewardship/Department of Education for Mission, 1926-1997, 9) Records relating to Regional/Conference Relations, 1967-1980, 10) Records relating to Special Projects, 1968-1982, 11) Records of the Department of Audio Visuals, 1962-1974, 12) Records of the Department of Broadcasting, 1942-1978, 13) Records of the Department of Media Services and Media Resources, 1948-2007, 14) Records relating to Website Management, 1997-2013.

United Church of Canada. Division of Communication.

Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö fonds

  • Fondos
  • 1911 - 1981

Records of the Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö [Finnish Organization of Canada], Vapaus Publishing Company (responsible for publishing Vapaus and Liekki and other publications), Suomalais-Canadalaisen Amatoori Urheiluliiton [Finnish-Canadian Amateur Sports Federation], co-operatives, and more.

Includes meeting minutes, reports, financial statements, and correspondence related to the operations and administration of these organizations. Also includes a variety of document and pamphlets related to socialism, communism, and the peace movement in Canada and worldwide.

The Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö (CSJ; Finnish Organization of Canada) is the oldest nationwide Finnish cultural organization in Canada. For over a century the CSJ has been one of the main organizations for Finnish immigrants in Canada with left-wing sympathies and, in particular, those with close ties to the Communist Party of Canada. Through the early to mid 1920s, Finnish-Canadians furnished over half the membership of the Communist Party and some, like A.T. Hill (born Armas Topias Mäkinen), became leading figures in the Party. Beyond support for leftist political causes, the cooperative and labour union movements, many local CSJ branches in both rural and urban centres established halls – some 70 of which were built over the years in communities across Canada – that hosted a range of social and cultural activities including dances, theatre, athletics, music, and lectures. The CSJ is also known for its publishing activities, notably the Vapaus (Liberty) newspaper.

The CSJ underwent several changes in its formative years related to both national and international developments. Founded in October 1911 as the Canadan Suomalainen Sosialisti Järjestö (CSSJ; Finnish Socialist Organization of Canada), the organization served as the Finnish-language affiliate of the Canadian Socialist Federation which soon after transformed into the Social Democratic Party of Canada (SDP). By 1914, the CSSJ had grown to 64 local branches and boasted a majority of the SDP membership with over 3,000 members. One year later the organization added two more local branches but membership had dropped to 1,867 members thanks, in part, to a more restrictive atmosphere due to Canada’s involvement in the First World War and an organizational split that saw the expulsion or resignation of supporters of the Industrial Workers of the World from the CSSJ.

In September 1918, the Canadian federal government passed Order-in-Council PC 2381 and PC 2384 which listed Finnish, along with Russian and Ukrainian, as ”enemy languages” and outlawed the CSSJ along with thirteen other organizations. The CSSJ successfully appealed the ban in December 1918 but dropped ”Socialist” from its name. The organization operated under the name Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö until December 1919. The SDP, however, did not recover from the outlawing of its foreign-language sections, leaving the CSJ without a political home. Stepping into this organizational vacuum was the One Big Union of Canada (OBU), founded in June 1919. The CSJ briefly threw its support behind this new labour union initiative, functioning as an independent ”propaganda organization of the OBU” until internal debates surrounding the structure of the Lumber Workers Industrial Union affiliate and the OBU decision not to join to the Moscow-headquartered Comintern led to its withdrawal shortly thereafter. In 1924, CSSJ activists including A.T. Hill helped to found the Lumber Workers Industrial Union of Canada (LWIUC).

Inspired by the Bolshevik Revolution that toppled the Tsarist Russian Empire in November 1917, and following the founding of the Communist Party of Canada (CPC) as an underground organization in May 1921, the CSSJ rapidly became an integral part of the nascent Communist movement in Canada. Reflecting this change, in 1922 the organization was renamed the Canadan Työläispuolueen Suomalainen Sosialistilärjestö (FS/WPC; Finnish Socialist Section of the Workers’ Party of Canada) – the Workers’ Party of Canada being the legal front organization of the CPC. In 1923, Finnish-Canadian Communists formed a separate cultural organization, the Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö (CSJ; Finnish Organization of Canada Inc.), to serve as a kind of ”holding company” ensuring that the organization’s considerable properties and assets would be safe from confiscation by the government or capture from rival left-wing groups. With the legalization of the CPC in 1924, the FS/WPC became the Canadan Kommunistipuolueen Suomalainen Järjestö (FS/CP; Finnish section of the Communist Party of Canada). Between 1922 and 1925, membership in the CSJ through its various transitions also doubled as membership in the Communist Party. This arrangement ended in 1925 when the FS/CP was disbanded following the ”bolshevization” directives of the Comintern. These directives demanded that separate ethnic organizations in North America be dissolved in favour of more disciplined and centralized party cells. It was hoped that this reorganization would help attract new members outside of the various Finnish, Ukrainian, and Jewish ethnic enclaves that had furnished the bulk of the CPC dues paying membership in Canada. From this point onwards, the CSJ officially functioned as a cultural organization but maintained a close, albeit sometimes strained, association with the CPC. The 1930s represent the peak of the CSJ size and influence, occuring during the Third Period and Popular Front eras of the international Communist movement. During this period CSJ union organizers assisted in the creation of the Lumber and Sawmill Workers Union – a unit of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of the American Federation of Labor, successor to the LWIUC – and the reemergence of the International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers in Sudbury and Kirkland Lake. CSJ activists also helped to recruit volunteers for the International Brigades that fought against nationalist and fascist forces in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Finally, in the 1930s some 3,000 CSJ members or sympathizers embarked on the journey from Canada to the Soviet Union to help in the efforts to industrialize the Karelian Autonomous Soviet. Hundreds of Finns in Karelia would later perish in Stalin’s purges.

Despite the CSJ’s active support for the Canadian war effort, the organization was still deemed to be a threat to national security by the federal government and again outlawed in 1940. All FOC properties were seized and closed. The Suomalais Canadalaisten Demokraattien Liitto (SCDL; Finnish-Canadian Democratic League) served as the FOC’s main legal surrogate until the organization was legalized in 1943. The rapid decline of the FOC following this period is apparent from the fact that of the 75 locals in operation in 1936, only 36 remained active in 1950.

Further reading:
Edward W. Laine (edited by Auvo Kostianen), A Century of Strife: The Finnish Organization of Canada, 1901-2001 (Turku: Migration Institute of Finland), 2016.
Arja Pilli, The Finnish-Language Press in Canada, 1901-1939: A Study of Ethnic Journalism (Turku: Institute of Migration), 1982.
William Eklund, Builders of Canada: History of the Finnish Organization of Canada, 1911-1971 (Toronto: Finnish Organization of Canada), 1987.

James H. Fleming fonds

  • CA ON00259 SC29
  • Fondos
  • 1888-1941, 1960

Fonds consists primarily of materials related to the ornithological interests of J.H. Fleming.

The bulk of the papers are correspondence with fellow ornithologists, collectors, and natural history sales agents. This correspondence includes an extensive, forty-year exchange of letters between Fleming and Percy A. Taverner, as well as many letters related to the workings of the American Ornithologists’ Union

The personal journals are continuous from 1888 to 1940. Daily entries detail natural history conditions, occurrences, and records for the Toronto region. Other notebooks document exchanges and loans of specimens and books. There is extensive information concerning the purchase of ornithological specimens, especially from the London dealer W.F.H. Rosenberg.

Nearly all of the published and unpublished writings of Fleming are found in the fonds, including hand-written drafts. Also included are papers by William Brodie, J.B. Williams, John Neilson, and others
The fonds also includes photographs, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, and information about other naturalists.

Fleming, James H.

Olive Ruth Russell collection

  • CA ON00351 WA 37
  • Colección
  • 1939-1979

Materials created and accumulated by Dr. Olive Ruth Russell during the course of her personal and professional life. The fonds includes biographical information, publications and transcripts of speeches.

Russell, O. Ruth (Olive Ruth)

John Galt letter

  • CA ON00351 GA 35
  • Item
  • [18--]

One holograph letter from John Galt addressed to "Croker." The letter requests that Croker publish the enclosed items in his magazine if they are not too late reaching him.

Galt, John

James Whalen collection

  • Colección
  • 1896 - 1990

The collection consists of photo albums, photographs, newspaper clippings, assets, agreements, stocks, bonds, certificates, correspondence, miscellaneous items, and two videos with the same recording. The collection is composed of three sous-fonds:
James Whalen
Laurel Conmee and James Conmee
Thunder Bay Hydro

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