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Archival description
District of Brock
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District Council

This series consists of the administrative and legislative records of the District of Brock which replaced the administrative powers of the magistrates of the Quarter Sessions. The series is divided into the following subseries:
A) Minutes
B) By-laws
C) Finance
C1 – Treasurer
C2 – Auditor
D) Warden
E) Clerk
F) Council

The first subseries consists of the Minutes of the District Council, which are divided into three volumes. A part of this series includes motions and rough minutes.

The second subseries contains the hand-written by-laws of the District Council, and loose drafts and copies of by-laws.

The third subseries includes letters, assessment lists and statements that provide an excellent picture of the raising and expenditure of monies as well as provides information on some of the County’s earliest settlers. This subseries is divided into two sub-subseries: Treasurer and Auditor. The Treasurer's (H.C. Barwick, 1842-1853) records consist of general correspondence, assessment lists, and a variety of financial statements and accounts. Correspondence includes requests from individuals for reassessment of their property taxes whereas Assessment records include lists of lands returned by the assessors of several townships in the District of Brock. These lists include the name of the Township and the description of the portion of each lot, concession and acreage. In addition, there are eleven bound volumes which give assessment information from all of the townships except Burford. Financial statements cover a number of areas such as receipts and disbursements of taxes arising out of Wild Land taxes, statements of the County House and Gaol Fund and statements related to Public Improvements and the School Fund. Accounts include general accounts for services provided as well as a School monies account ledger. The Auditors records consist of audited accounts, statements, reports, and applications for the office of the Auditor.

The fourth subseries contains the Warden’s files, 1842-1849. The first Warden of the new District Council appointed by the Governor was Peter Boyle de Blaquire, the standing local member of the Provincial legislative council.

The fifth subseries consists of the Clerk’s files. It contains miscellaneous correspondence and copies of proceedings of public meetings. The appointed clerk of the District of Brock was William Lapenotiere, a son of a post captain at the battle of Trafalgar.

The last subseries, Council files, presents a detailed account of the structure of the District Council; such topics include building of roads and bridges and the provision of education.

District of Brock

Public Improvements

This series includes letters, maps and plans of many of the roads in the District, original surveys, and detailed reports of roads. These documents provide excellent material covering a major concern to Council, the surveying and laying out of roads and bridges in the District. Recorded here, as well, is the progress made on the building of the Court House, Gaol and Registry Office. This series is divided into the following subseries:

A) Surveyor
A1 – Accounts
A2 – Correspondence
A3 – Maps and Plans
B) Roads and Bridges
B1 – Reports
C) Indentures
D) Court House and Gaol
E) Registry Office

District of Brock

Common Schools

This series contains letters, security bonds, receipts, reports, etc., relating to the various common schools within the District of Brock. The amount of information generated by the school sections increased each year as more children attended schools and as more requests were made for the building of new schools. From 1844-1847 there are numerous school reports from each Township Superintendent, teacher salary receipts, and financial reports. The District Superintendent also produced many reports, including several asking for an increase in school grants. In 1846, the School Act was repealed and the office of the Township Superintendent was abolished. From 1847-1850 all of the work had to be completed by the District Superintendent, the Rev. W.H. Landon. The School Act was again repealed in 1849.

This series is divided into the following subseries:

A) School Section Meetings (divided by Townships)
B) Financial
B1 – Trustees
B2 – Teachers
C) Reports (divided by Townships)
D) Correspondence

The first subseries is School Section Meetings and is arranged by Township. These meetings were held in the common school house for the purpose of nominating and appointing trustees.

The second subseries contains records relating to the apportionment of the School fund and includes a number of receipts and requisitions. The subseries is further broken down into two sub-subseries: Trustees and Teachers. Both contain records related to the payment of teachers' salaries and the appropriating of the School Fund.

The third subseries is divided by Townships and consists of entitled Reports and annual reports by the Town Superintendent for the District School Sections, which were sent to the District Superintendent. With the repeal of the School Act in 1846, the reports were created by the Trustees of the School Sections and sent to the District Superintendent.

The last subseries includes correspondence to and from the Superintendent of Education for the District of Brock and securities for that position. There is also correspondence to Council from the Township Superintendents regarding keeping the School Sections in their existing state. There are securities for the position of Township Superintendent and miscellaneous correspondence as well, including several related to the unbecoming behaviour of certain teachers.

District of Brock

District of Brock fonds

  • Fondos
  • 1839 - 1849

The fonds consists of one of the most complete collections of early municipal material to have been preserved in the Province of Ontario. It includes petitions, ledgers, reports, receipts, statements and correspondence. It also contains original motions and rough minutes, which are generally not kept, original by-laws (as well as some drafts and copies), summarized collectors rolls, assessment lists , and a school monies account book. The fonds provide a detailed account of activities of the newly established District Council of Brock, and its administrative and legislative powers. It also reflects very closely the primary concerns and needs of individual citizens. The social, economic and political issues confronting a municipal government during this period are also documented.

The District of Brock fonds is divided into the following series:

Series 1 – Quarter Sessions of Peace
A) Clerk of the Peace
B) Treasurer
C) Surveyor

Series 2 – District Council
A) Minutes
B) By-laws
C) Finance
C1 – Treasurer
C2 – Auditor
D) Warden
E) Clerk
F) Council
F1 – Committee Reports
F2 – Correspondence
F3 – Miscellaneous

Series 3 – Sheriff
A) Court
B) Gaol

Series 4 – Public Improvements
A) Surveyor
A1 – Accounts
A2 – Correspondence
A3 – Maps and Plans
B) Roads and Bridges
B1 – Reports
C) Indentures
D) Court House and Gaol
E) Registry Office

Series 5 – Common Schools
A) School Section Meetings (divided by Townships)
B) Financial
B1 – Trustees
B2 – Teachers
C) Reports (divided by Townships)
D) Correspondence

Series 6 – Petitions
A) Council
B) Finance
C) Public Improvements
D) Common Schools
E) Miscellaneous

District of Brock

Petitions

This series contains a variety of petitions expressing concerns of councillors and inhabitants of the Brock District. This series is divided into the following subseries:

A) Council
B) Finance
C) Public Improvements
D) Common Schools
E) Miscellaneous

The first subseries includes petitions from Council to the Legislature and provide an excellent source of information on a variety of topics including taxation and the separation of certain portions of land from the District of Brock. Of particular interest is an agricultural petition which expressed that the concerns of the rural farmer seem secondary to the Government’s concerns for the merchants of Ontario.

The second subseries includes petitions from individuals relating to financial disputes, such as assessment, taxation, and payment for work completed.

The third subseries contains petitions referred to the Committee on Public Improvements and typically contains the name of an individual or freeholder, or a list of names of individuals requesting that road or bridge be built, or compensation made for land taken.

The fourth subseries contains petitions to the Committee of Common Schools and indicate the progression from the need expressed for the establishment of a new school section in 1845, through to the levying of taxes for teachers' salaries and the building of schools in 1847-1849.

The last subseries of petitions includes a number of concerns such as a request for an Inn license, the unfairness of the 1847 election, the moral and religious character of the works in the prison library, and the improper taxation for a dog which did not exist.

District of Brock

Sheriff

This series is divided into two subseries: Court (A) and Gaol (B). The Court records include reports, summons, notices regarding Coroner’s Inquests, some records of court cases, and general fee funds and rough minutes of court. In addition, a ledger contains a list of land offered by the Sheriff. The Gaol records include several letters concerning the management of the Gaol.

District of Brock