Record group 1 - Home War Establishment

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Home War Establishment

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  • Textual record

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CA ON00093 2017/5-1

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  • 1942-1965 (Creation)
    Canada. Royal Canadian Air Force. How War Establishment

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Physical description

81 files of textual records

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Administrative history

Home defence was overseen by two commands of the Home War Establishment: Western Air Command and Eastern Air Command. Located on the west and east coasts of Canada, these commands grew to 37 squadrons, and were responsible for protecting Canada's coasts from enemy attack and for protecting allied shipping. Threats included German U-boats along the east coast and in Atlantic shipping lanes and the potential of attack by Japanese forces. After the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, more squadrons were deployed to the west. Canadian units were sent to Alaska to assist the Americans in Alaska's defence during the Aleutian Islands Campaign. In November 1943, the HWE reached its peaked strength with a total of 37 squadrons. After the war, the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) called for a reduction of the HWE.

Custodial history

Record Group consists of textual records relating to the Home War Establishment (HWE) including its Eastern and Western Air Command. Also includes documents related to the North West Air Command, No. 2 Air Command and Air Force Headquarters. There are 5 series:

1. Eastern Air Command
2. Western Air Command
3. North West Air Command
4. No. 2 Air Command
5. Air Force Headquarters

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