Fonds C61 - Emily Stowe and Augusta Stowe Gullen collection

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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Emily Stowe and Augusta Stowe Gullen collection

General material designation

  • Multiple media

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Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

CA ON00362 C61

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1854-1963, predominant 1854-1921 (Creation)
    Creator
    Stowe, Emily Howard, 1831-1903.

Physical description area

Physical description

14.5 cm of textual records
2 microfilm reels
1 linen sampler
8 photographs : b&w

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Emily Howard Jennings Stowe (1831-1903) was a teacher and principal, a medical doctor, and a suffragette. Educated at home, Stowe became a teacher in 1846 and graduated from the Provincial Normal School in Toronto, Canada West in 1854. In 1865 Stowe applied to study medicine at the University of Toronto, but was denied entry because she was a woman. Unable to pursue her education in Canada, she attended the New York Medical College for Women. After graduating in 1867, Stowe returned to Toronto to practice medicine without a license. In 1870 she was allowed to attend the University of Toronto and was granted a medical license in 1880. In 1877 Emily Stowe organized Canada's first suffrage organization, initially called the Toronto Women's Literary Club, which later became the Toronto Women's Suffrage Club. Ann Augusta Stowe-Gullen (1857-1943), daughter of Emily Howard Jennings Stowe, was a medical doctor, a lecturer and a suffragette. Stowe-Gullen was educated at the Toronto School of Medicine, and received her MD from the Faculty of Medicine at Victoria University, Toronto. She was the first woman to graduate from a Canadian medical school. She was a founding member of Women's College Hospital in Toronto. Stowe-Gullen was a member of the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons, the Ontario Social Service Council, the Senate of the University of Toronto, the Toronto Board of Education, the University Women's Club, the Women's Art Association, the Women's Board at Toronto Western Hospital, and the Women's Canadian Club. She was active in the suffrage, temperance and other social movements. She was among the founders of the National Council of Women in 1893, President of the Canadian Suffrage Association, Vice-President of the National Council of Women, and she succeeded her mother as President of the Dominion Women's Enfranchisement Association in 1903. In 1935 she was awarded the Order of the British Empire.

Name of creator

(1857-1943)

Biographical history

Ann Augusta Stowe-Gullen (1857-1943) was a medical doctor, a lecturer and a suffragette. She was born in Mt. Pleasant, Ontario, the daughter of John Stowe and Emily Howard Jennings. She married Dr. John Benjamin Gullen in 1883. She died in Toronto in 1943.

Stowe-Gullen was educated at the Toronto School of Medicine, then at the Faculty of Medicine at Victoria University, Toronto, where she became an M.D. in 1883—the first woman to graduate from a Canadian medical school. Immediately after graduating she was appointed Demonstrator in Anatomy at the Woman’s Medical College in Toronto (from 1894 onwards known as the Ontario Medical College for Women). In 1890 she was appointed Lecturer on Diseases of Children, subsequently Professor of Diseases of Children. She also served among the original staff members of Toronto Western Hospital (founded in 1896). Her husband, Dr. John B. Gullen, was one of the twelve physicians who founded the Toronto Western Hospital in December 1895, and Stowe-Gullen was the first woman appointed to the TWH medical staff. She helped to organize, and later served as President of the TWH Women's Board (later the (Women's) Auxiliary).

Stowe-Gullen was a member of the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons, the Ontario Social Service Council, the University Women's Club, the Women's Art Association, and the Women's Canadian Club. She was also active in the suffrage, temperance and other social movements. From 1893 to 1907 she was a member of the Toronto Women's Suffrage Club founded by her mother Emily Stowe, and when the Club evolved into the Canadian Suffrage Association in 1907 Stowe-Gullen was elected honourary President. She served as the first woman member of the Toronto Public School Board (1892-1896) and in 1910 was appointed to the Senate of the University of Toronto where she represented women in the medical profession until 1924. She was among the founders of the National Council of Women in 1893, (Vice-President) of the National Council of Women, and succeeded her mother as President of the Dominion Women’s Enfranchisement Association in 1903. In 1935 she was awarded the Order of the British Empire.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The collection consists of photographs; scrapbooks of correspondence, photographs, and newspaper clippings; monographs; poetry and prose; biographical information; and other material complied by and about Emily Stowe and Augusta Stowe Gullen. Material relates to their personal and professional lives, and the suffrage movement.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Emily Stowe material was acquired from her grandson, Hudson Stowe, in 1962. A microfilm copy of the Augusta Stowe Gullen papers was acquired from the University of Toronto, Victoria College Library, in 1987.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Original Augusta Stowe Gullen papers are located at Victoria College Library, University of Toronto.

Availability of other formats

Emily Stowe material available on microfilm.

Restrictions on access

Open access to microfilm reels.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Associated materials

Related material can be found in the Flora Roy fonds and catalogued in Special Collections.
http://library.wlu.ca/research-materials/archives/finding-aids/flora-roy-fonds

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Accruals

No further accruals are expected.

General note

Original Augusta Stowe Gullen papers held by University of Toronto, Victoria College Library.

General note

Title taken from contents of the collection.

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