Title and statement of responsibility area
General material designation
Other title information
Title statements of responsibility
Level of description
Edition statement of responsibility
Class of material specific details area
Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
Statement of coordinates (cartographic)
Statement of scale (architectural)
Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
Physical description area
Publisher's series area
Title proper of publisher's series
Parallel titles of publisher's series
Other title information of publisher's series
Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series
Numbering within publisher's series
Note on publisher's series
Archival description area
Name of creator
William Notman (1826-1891) was a photographer and businessman active in the Province of Canada during the mid nineteenth century.
Notman was born in Paisley, Scotland. He emigrated to Montreal, Canada in 1856 with his wife, Alice Merry Woodwark, and daughter after practising as an amateur photographer in Scotland. Notman had seven children, three of whom were boys who trained as photographers and worked with their father.
Notman was primarily a portrait photographer; amongst his many subjects were Sir John A. MacDonald, Prince Albert, and Sitting Bull. He travelled extensively in Canada photographing Canadian scenery, activities and businesses, and was also commissioned to photograph major engineering achievements such as the Grand Truck Railway construction over Victoria Bridge at Montreal in 1858. Notman was also known for his composite photographs for which each subject was photographed individually and their image pasted onto a painted background.
Notman achieved an international reputation with studios in Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, Halifax and seasonal studios at Yale and Harvard Universities. As the Photographer to the Queen, Notman recorded the Royal visits for the Canadian government.
Name of creator
Alexander Henderson (1831-1913) was a photographer and merchant based in Montreal who captured the scenic landscapes of Canada during the latter half of the nineteenth century.
Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Henderson immigrated to the Province of Canada in 1855 and settled in Montreal with his wife, Agnes Elder Robertson. From 1859 to 1863, he worked as a commission merchant while pursuing photography as an amateur, an endeavour in which he found great success, as evidenced by the prizes he won at amateur photo exhibitions in the United States, Ireland, Scotland and France.
In 1861, he enlisted in the 3rd Battalion of the Volunteer Militia Rifles, becoming a captain in 1862. In 1865, Henderson published his first collection of landscape photographs, Canadian Views and Studies by an Amateur. After opening a studio in 1866, Henderson's second collection of photographs, Snow and Flood After the Great Storms, appeared in 1869, followed shortly thereafter by Photographs of Montreal in 1870.
In 1872, Henderson began photographing the construction of Canada's railways. Over the years, he would produce photographs for the Intercolonial Railway (1872, 1875), the Occidental Railway (1876) and the Canadian Pacific Railway (1882-1885).
In 1892, Henderson became manager of the CPR's photographic department and produced photos from as far west as Victoria, British Columbia. He continued in this post until 1897, when he retired completely from photography. Alexander Henderson died in 1913.
Scope and content
Collection consists of photographs believed to be taken by William Notman or Alexander Henderson depicting scenes in Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia during the latter half of the nineteenth century.
Photographic subjects include: buildings, churches, trains, waterfalls, rivers and a variety of other urban and rural landscapes and portraits.
The photographs are arranged geographically.
For a more detailed description, use this link to the Archives of Ontario's descriptive database:
Immediate source of acquisition
Language of material
Script of material
Location of originals
Availability of other formats
Restrictions on access
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Associate material in other institutions:
The McCord Museum in Montreal is home to the Notman Photographic Archives, a collection that also houses a number of Henderson prints. Additional collections of Henderson prints are held in Ottawa by Library and Archives Canada and The National Gallery.
Related material at the Archives of Ontario:
Other records created by or relating to William Notman and Alexander Henderson held at the Archives of Ontario are the following: F 4358, William Notman fonds; F 1140, MU 2254, Ontario Society of Artists, Minute Books; RG 15-54, 3rd Session, Department of Public Works Records, Photographic Portraits of the Members of the Ontario Legislature; F 4358 William Notman fonds; F 4360 Edward Wilkes Rathbun fonds; F 702 Mann family fonds and C224-20 Henderson-Goold-Duffin photograph album.