Fonds 2005/37; 78/297 - Canadian Army Headquarters fonds

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Canadian Army Headquarters fonds

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  • Textual record

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Reference code

CA ON00093 2005/37; 78/297

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  • 1939-1999, predominant dates 1957-1958 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

92 cm of textual records (5 boxes)

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Administrative history

Before the establishment of Canadian Forces Headquarters on 1 August 1964, control of the Canadian Army was exercised by Army Headquarters (AHQ) through five Commands. The Commands, along with their designated areas, were as follows: Eastern Command (Atlantic Provinces); Quebec Command (Quebec); Central Command (Ontario); Prairie Command (Manitoba and Saskatchewan); and Western Command (Alberta and British Columbia).

Custodial history

Scope and content

Fonds consists of administrative files produced by Army Headquarters (AHQ) that pertain to Exercise Phoenix. These files contain various notional exercise documents, such as message forms, correspondence, memoranda, minutes of meetings, requisitions, organizational charts, situation reports and command instructions. Also includes two 1964 reports, titled “Organizational Review of Army Headquarters (Project ORA)” and “Organizational Review of Army Headquarters (Project ORA) Supplementary Report on Committee Activity”. There are 14 series:
I. General Files, 1949-1999
II. Dependents, 1958
III. Chaplain Services, 1958
IV. Conferences and Meetings, 1958
V. Committees, 1958
VI. Communications, 1957-1958
VII. Organization and Administration, 1957-1958
VIII. Personnel, 1957-1958
IX. Supplies and Services, 1958
X. Finances, 1957-1958
XI. Transportation, 1958
XII. Equipment and Stores, 1939-1958
XIII. Intelligence, 1958
XIV. Reports, 1964

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

The immediate source of acquisition is unknown.


Language of material

  • English

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Finding aids

Copies of the finding aid are located in the first file of the fonds and in the Reading Room of the Directorate of History and Heritage (DHH). Electronic copies are also available.

Associated materials

The following related material can be found in the Kardex Collection:
112.1 (D116) - List of documents re Exercise Phoenix received in June 1961.

Related materials


No further accruals are expected.

General note

There are some empty folders. These are stored in Box 5 File 121.

General note

There are some empty folders. These are stored in Box 5 File 121.

General note

A one-sided exercise in which only Army Headquarters (AHQ) was involved, Exercise Phoenix occurred on the week of 3 March 1958. Based on the Canadian Army War Book, the Canadian Defence Plan (Part 1) and the Canadian Army Mobilization Plan, the purpose of the exercise was to assess the mobilization procedures at AHQ. It was conducted under as realistic conditions as possible. Therefore, all actions took place on the assumption that nuclear weapons may be used against Canada at any time.

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