Fonds P029 - Barbara M. Hanley fonds

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Barbara M. Hanley fonds

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CA ON00159 P029

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  • 1936-1967 (Creation)

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Physical description

1 scrapbook

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Biographical history

Barbara McCallum Hanley, the first woman Mayor in Canada, was born to Catharine Mitchell and Henry John Smith on March 2, 1882 in Magnetewan, Ontario. She worked as a public school teacher at Trout Creek, Emsdale and Chetwynd before teaching at Webbwood in 1909. On August 27, 1913 she married Joseph B. Hanley, a Locomotive Foreman for the Canadian Pacific Railway. The following year they adopted a daughter named Ella. From the time that Hanley moved to Webbwood in 1909, she was involved in community activities in the town. In 1923, she was elected to the Webbwood School Board, and by 1935, Hanley was the first woman councillor. On January 6, 1936 she was elected as Mayor, when she ran against her male opponent, Robert E. Streich. In 1940, Hanley served on the executive of the Sudbury and District Municipal Association. Other positions that she held were: Chairman of the Relief Board, Member of the Resolutions Committee for the Provincial Board of Education, President of the Algoma Trustee and Ratepayers Association and Director of the Ontario Educational Association. In 1944, Hanley decided to step down as Mayor after serving for eight consecutive terms. She continued to work as the Clerk/Treasurer for Webbwood from 1946-1950. Barbara Hanley passed away on January 26, 1959 at the age of 76.

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These records were grouped in a scrapbook, by her daughter.

Scope and content

This fonds consists of one scrapbook that contains correspondence, telegrams, pictures, an article and newspaper clippings. The correspondence, telegrams and newspaper clippings are primarily related to the successful election results for Barbara Hanley. The pictures include two photos of Hanley and one group photograph. The article was written by Hanley with regard to the subject of civic responsibility, for a secondary school magazine. The newspaper clippings are from local and national papers. The successful election and re-election of Barbara Hanley as Mayor of Webbwood is a significant part of Canadian Womens' History, because she is the first woman Mayor in Canada, and she held that position for eight consecutive terms. The records of this fonds are also important because no files were preserved by the town for her time in office.

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Donated in August 1967 by Mrs. (Ella) Clifford Scutt, daughter of Mrs. Hanley.


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General note

For more information on Hanley: Doyle, James. "Barbara M. Hanley: First Woman Mayor in Canada." Ontario History, Volume XXXIV, Number 2 (June 1992), p. 133-140

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