Fonds 2004/21 - Arthur Roy Brown collection

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Arthur Roy Brown collection

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Reference code

CA ON00093 2004/21

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1915-1976 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

6.5 cm of textual records
38 photographs: b&w; 25.5 x 20.5 or smaller

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Name of creator

Biographical history

Captain Arthur Roy Brown (1893-1944) was a fighter pilot with the No. 9 Naval Squadron during the First World War. He applied for the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) during their recruiting program with the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) in Canada. On Nov. 24, 1915, he obtained his aeroplane pilot's certificate from the Wright Flying School in Dayton, Ohio as part of his conditional acceptance into the RNAS. He was made a Probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant on Nov. 15, 1914, and soon after left for Britain to begin training. In April 1916, Brown's training was interrupted due to a back injury he obtained on a crash landing. Upon his recovery and completion of training, Brown was posted to the operational unit No. 9 (Naval) Squadron in early 1917, which later became No. 209 Squadron. He flew with War Flight at Walmer and with Nos. 4 and 11 (Naval) Squadrons later that year, and rejoined No. 9 Squadron in January 1918. In April 1918, Brown was engaged in the aerial combat during which von Richthofen (the Red Baron) was taken down, and is most often credited with the kill. By the end of April, however, Brown was hospitalized for stomach trouble and nervous strain. Eventually, he was posted as an instructor to the No. 2 School of Flying in Britain. During that time he fainted in the air while on a practice flight, sustaining severe injuries from a 300-foot crash. He was released from the RAF with the rank of Captain, having been awarded the DSC and Bar during his service.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Collection contains material documenting Captain Arthur Roy Brown's service with the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) during the First World War. Includes 38 black and white photographs, copies of Brown's letters from 1916-1918, copies of his flying logbooks for 1916-1918, excerpts transcribed from logbooks for 1915-1918, and other documents. These materials detail the Brown's activities, training, operations, air combats, and daily life with the RNAS. Also includes several articles and essays that provide evidence leading to differing conclusions as to who shot down Baron von Richthofen, or the Red Baron.

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Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

The immediate source of acquisition is unknown.


Language of material

  • English

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No further accruals are expected.

General note

Due to poor quality resulting from photocopying, some pages of copied material are scarcely legible.

General note

Originally titled "Biographical File - Brown, Arthur Roy".

General note

Due to poor quality resulting from photocopying, some pages of copied material are scarcely legible.

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