Algoma, District of

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    • Algoma-region

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      Algoma, District of

      Algoma, District of

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      Algoma, District of

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        Algoma, District of

          31 Archival description results for Algoma, District of

          1 results directly related Exclude narrower terms
          CA ON00340 F1910 · Fonds · 1927-1959

          Fonds consists of records, including baptisms, 1927-1928, 1943-1948; marriages, 1927, 1929; and burials, 1926, 1929, 1930, of Bayview United Church, Sault Ste. Marie, 1921-1959

          Bayview United Church (Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.)
          CA ON00159 P015 · Fonds · 1902-1988 (predominant 1980-1984)

          The fonds consists of records that are directly related to the organization of Local 187. The records include: original charters for Locals 187 and 192, their constitution and by-laws, reports, minutes, convention proceedings, and collective agreements booklets. These documents provide some insight to the operation of union locals that represented Railway Carmen in Northeastern Ontario, and their position within the context of the larger organization. When the Canadian Division joined CAW, individual locals of the Rail Division gained more prominence at the national level.

          Brotherhood of Railway Carmen. Local 187
          CA ON00340 F1902 · Fonds · 1892-1965

          Fonds consists of Quarterly Official Board minutes of Bruce Mines Methodist Circuit (includes Bruce Mines, Cloudslee), 1906-1917; baptisms, 1905-1917, marriages, 1896-1917, 1919, of Bruce Mines's Presbyterian Pastoral Charge (includes Bruce Mines, Rydal Bank); Woman's Christian Temperance Union minutes of Bruce Mines's Union Church (includes Bruce Mines Methodist Church), 1916-1925; records, including baptisms, 1903-1951, marriages, 1896-1965, burials, 1903-1953, of Bruce Mines Pastoral Charge (includes Bruce Mines Methodist Circuit, Bruce Mines Union Circuit (includes Bruce Mines, Cloudslee, Rydal Bank), Bruce Mines, Cloudslee, Port Lock (now Port Law), Desbarats), 1896-1965; Board and Committee minutes of Port Lock United Church (now Port Law) (includes Port Lock Presbytereian Church, Port Lock Union Church), 1892-1952

          Bruce Mines Pastoral Charge (Ont.)
          Fonds · 1911 - 1981

          Records of the Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö [Finnish Organization of Canada], Vapaus Publishing Company (responsible for publishing Vapaus and Liekki and other publications), Suomalais-Canadalaisen Amatoori Urheiluliiton [Finnish-Canadian Amateur Sports Federation], co-operatives, and more.

          Includes meeting minutes, reports, financial statements, and correspondence related to the operations and administration of these organizations. Also includes a variety of document and pamphlets related to socialism, communism, and the peace movement in Canada and worldwide.

          The Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö (CSJ; Finnish Organization of Canada) is the oldest nationwide Finnish cultural organization in Canada. For over a century the CSJ has been one of the main organizations for Finnish immigrants in Canada with left-wing sympathies and, in particular, those with close ties to the Communist Party of Canada. Through the early to mid 1920s, Finnish-Canadians furnished over half the membership of the Communist Party and some, like A.T. Hill (born Armas Topias Mäkinen), became leading figures in the Party. Beyond support for leftist political causes, the cooperative and labour union movements, many local CSJ branches in both rural and urban centres established halls – some 70 of which were built over the years in communities across Canada – that hosted a range of social and cultural activities including dances, theatre, athletics, music, and lectures. The CSJ is also known for its publishing activities, notably the Vapaus (Liberty) newspaper.

          The CSJ underwent several changes in its formative years related to both national and international developments. Founded in October 1911 as the Canadan Suomalainen Sosialisti Järjestö (CSSJ; Finnish Socialist Organization of Canada), the organization served as the Finnish-language affiliate of the Canadian Socialist Federation which soon after transformed into the Social Democratic Party of Canada (SDP). By 1914, the CSSJ had grown to 64 local branches and boasted a majority of the SDP membership with over 3,000 members. One year later the organization added two more local branches but membership had dropped to 1,867 members thanks, in part, to a more restrictive atmosphere due to Canada’s involvement in the First World War and an organizational split that saw the expulsion or resignation of supporters of the Industrial Workers of the World from the CSSJ.

          In September 1918, the Canadian federal government passed Order-in-Council PC 2381 and PC 2384 which listed Finnish, along with Russian and Ukrainian, as ”enemy languages” and outlawed the CSSJ along with thirteen other organizations. The CSSJ successfully appealed the ban in December 1918 but dropped ”Socialist” from its name. The organization operated under the name Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö until December 1919. The SDP, however, did not recover from the outlawing of its foreign-language sections, leaving the CSJ without a political home. Stepping into this organizational vacuum was the One Big Union of Canada (OBU), founded in June 1919. The CSJ briefly threw its support behind this new labour union initiative, functioning as an independent ”propaganda organization of the OBU” until internal debates surrounding the structure of the Lumber Workers Industrial Union affiliate and the OBU decision not to join to the Moscow-headquartered Comintern led to its withdrawal shortly thereafter. In 1924, CSSJ activists including A.T. Hill helped to found the Lumber Workers Industrial Union of Canada (LWIUC).

          Inspired by the Bolshevik Revolution that toppled the Tsarist Russian Empire in November 1917, and following the founding of the Communist Party of Canada (CPC) as an underground organization in May 1921, the CSSJ rapidly became an integral part of the nascent Communist movement in Canada. Reflecting this change, in 1922 the organization was renamed the Canadan Työläispuolueen Suomalainen Sosialistilärjestö (FS/WPC; Finnish Socialist Section of the Workers’ Party of Canada) – the Workers’ Party of Canada being the legal front organization of the CPC. In 1923, Finnish-Canadian Communists formed a separate cultural organization, the Canadan Suomalainen Järjestö (CSJ; Finnish Organization of Canada Inc.), to serve as a kind of ”holding company” ensuring that the organization’s considerable properties and assets would be safe from confiscation by the government or capture from rival left-wing groups. With the legalization of the CPC in 1924, the FS/WPC became the Canadan Kommunistipuolueen Suomalainen Järjestö (FS/CP; Finnish section of the Communist Party of Canada). Between 1922 and 1925, membership in the CSJ through its various transitions also doubled as membership in the Communist Party. This arrangement ended in 1925 when the FS/CP was disbanded following the ”bolshevization” directives of the Comintern. These directives demanded that separate ethnic organizations in North America be dissolved in favour of more disciplined and centralized party cells. It was hoped that this reorganization would help attract new members outside of the various Finnish, Ukrainian, and Jewish ethnic enclaves that had furnished the bulk of the CPC dues paying membership in Canada. From this point onwards, the CSJ officially functioned as a cultural organization but maintained a close, albeit sometimes strained, association with the CPC. The 1930s represent the peak of the CSJ size and influence, occuring during the Third Period and Popular Front eras of the international Communist movement. During this period CSJ union organizers assisted in the creation of the Lumber and Sawmill Workers Union – a unit of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of the American Federation of Labor, successor to the LWIUC – and the reemergence of the International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers in Sudbury and Kirkland Lake. CSJ activists also helped to recruit volunteers for the International Brigades that fought against nationalist and fascist forces in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Finally, in the 1930s some 3,000 CSJ members or sympathizers embarked on the journey from Canada to the Soviet Union to help in the efforts to industrialize the Karelian Autonomous Soviet. Hundreds of Finns in Karelia would later perish in Stalin’s purges.

          Despite the CSJ’s active support for the Canadian war effort, the organization was still deemed to be a threat to national security by the federal government and again outlawed in 1940. All FOC properties were seized and closed. The Suomalais Canadalaisten Demokraattien Liitto (SCDL; Finnish-Canadian Democratic League) served as the FOC’s main legal surrogate until the organization was legalized in 1943. The rapid decline of the FOC following this period is apparent from the fact that of the 75 locals in operation in 1936, only 36 remained active in 1950.

          Further reading:
          Edward W. Laine (edited by Auvo Kostianen), A Century of Strife: The Finnish Organization of Canada, 1901-2001 (Turku: Migration Institute of Finland), 2016.
          Arja Pilli, The Finnish-Language Press in Canada, 1901-1939: A Study of Ethnic Journalism (Turku: Institute of Migration), 1982.
          William Eklund, Builders of Canada: History of the Finnish Organization of Canada, 1911-1971 (Toronto: Finnish Organization of Canada), 1987.

          CA ON00340 F1865 · Fonds · 1917-1933

          Fonds consists of Woman's Missionary Society minutes of Cloudslee United Church (includes Cloudslee Methodist Church), 1917-1933

          Cloudslee United Church (Ont.)
          Collection Briand Plourde
          CA ON00402 BP · Collection · 1943-1960

          The collection contains nine digital photos acquired from Briand Plourde and 19 digital photos obtained from Claude and Louise Auclair, dating from 1943 to 1960. Most of the photos show the logging village’s installations, including the school and the cookery. Members of the Plourde and Auclair families also appear on several of them.

          Plourde, Briand
          Collection Nord-Aski
          CA ON00402 NA · Collection · 1988-2008

          The collection contains 19 audiovisual documents about various aspects of the area. Some of these documents relate to Nord-Aski’s involvement in the region, while others concern economic development issues or promote the area’s businesses and attractions. Audiocassettes have all been converted to DVD format.

          Collection Yvon Morneau
          CA ON00402 YM · Collection · 1953-1961

          The collection contains nine photos, showing the logging village’s installations and members of the Morneau family, from 1953 to 1961.

          Morneau, Yvon
          CA ON00340 F1913 · Fonds · 1895-1995

          Fonds consists of Trustee/congregational minutes of East Korah Methodist Church, Sault Ste. Marie, 1896-1924; Official Board minutes of Sault Ste. Marie Suburban Pastoral Charge (includes Sault Ste. Marie South Suburban Methodist Circuit (includes Tarentorus Methodist Circuit, East Korah, West Korah, Tarentorus, and Prince Churches in Sault Ste. Marie), Prince, Maxwell, East Korah and Tarantous Churches in Sault Ste. Marie), 1895-1953; Board and Committee minutes and financial records of East Korah - Maxwell Pastoral Charge, Sault Ste. Marie (includes Sault Ste. Marie Suburban Pastoral Charge, East Korah and Maxwell Churches in Sault Ste. Marie), 1953-1995; Board and Committee minutes of Maxwell United Church, Sault Ste. Marie (includes Sault Ste. Marie Union Church), 1918-1969; records of East Korah United Church, Sault Ste. Marie, 1946-1994

          East Korah - Maxwell Pastoral Charge (Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.)
          CA ON00340 F1367 · Fonds · 1882-1988

          Fonds consists of a circuit register of Echo Bay Methodist Circuit (includes Garden River Methodist Mission, Port Findlay Methodist Misson, Sylvan Valley, Leeburn, Laird, Tarbutt, Gordon Lake, Bar River), 1888-1912; circuit register of Gordon Lake Methodist Circuit (includes Sylvan Valley Methodist Mission, Leeburn, Portlock), 1894-1915; baptism register of Bar River Presbyterian Pastoral Charge (includes Laird, Echo Bay, Sylvan Valley), 1908-1917; records, including baptisms, 1882-1922, of MacLennan Union Church, 1882-1925; records, including baptisms, 1903-1944, marriages, 1899-1949, burials, 1902-1949, of Echo Bay Pastoral Charge (includes Echo Bay Methodist Circuit, Echo Bay Union Circuit, Bar River, Sylvan Valley, MacLennan), 1889-1971; records, including baptisms, 1923-1937, marriages, 1902-1936, of MacLennan Pastoral Charge (includes MacLennan Presbyterian Pastoral Charge, MacLennan Union Charge, Desbarats, Portlock, Bar River), 1902-1942; records of Echo Bay United Church (includes Echo Bay Union Church), 1924-1988; records, including marriages, 1937-1942, of MacLennan United Church (includes Maclennan Presbyterian Church, MacLennan Union Church), 1890-1978; records of Bar River United Church, 1925-1978

          Echo Bay Pastoral Charge (Ont.)
          CA ON00340 F1643 · Fonds · 1952-1989

          Fonds consists of records, including baptisms, 1952-1958, 1975, marriages, 1954-1976, and burials, 1954-1982, of Emmanuel United Church, Sault Ste. Marie (includes All People's Mission, Sault Ste. Marie), 1952-1989.

          Emmanuel United Church (Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.)
          Finlandia Club collection
          Collection · 1903 - 1965

          Collection is organized into the following series:
          I. Hoito Restaurant
          II. Port Arthur Workingmen’s Association: Imatra no. 9
          III. C.T.K.L. (Canadian Industrial Unions: Port Arthur’s Finnish Association)
          IV. C.U.T. (Canadian News Service) and C.T.K.L.
          V. Finlandia Club
          VI. Finnish Socialist Local no. 6: Port Arthur
          VII. Lumber Workers’ Industrial Union of the One Big Union
          VIII. New Attempt Temperance Society
          IX. Finnish Athletic Club: Nahjus
          X. Finnish Building Company
          XI. Miscellaneous

          CA ON00340 F1970 · Fonds · 1917-1952

          Fonds consists of records, including baptisms, 1921-1942, marriages, 1937-1938, burials, 1922-1939, of Foleyet Pastoral Charge (includes Foleyet Methodist Curcuit [includes Foleyet, Elsas], Foleyet, Westree, Tionga, Gogama), 1920-1942; records, including baptisms, 1939-1940, of Foleyet United Church (includes Foleyet Methodist Church), 1917-1952.

          Foleyet United Church (Ont.)
          CA ON00388 MMA17 · Fonds · 1957-1963

          Fonds consists of church registers pertaining to Grace Lutheran Church, Elliott Lake, Ont.

          Grace Lutheran Church (Elliott Lake, Ont.)
          CA ON00340 F1971 · Fonds · 1921-1957

          Fonds consists of union board minutes, of Hornepayne Union Church, 1921-1922; records, including baptisms, 1923-1957, marriages, 1923-1956, burials, 1926-1956, of Hornepayne Pastoral Charge (includes Hornepayne Union Church, Hornepayne, Longlac, Stevens, Caramat).

          Hornepayne Pastoral Charge (Ont.)
          CA ON00340 F1725 · Fonds · 1996-1997

          Fonds consists of records, including baptisms, 1906-[1923], of Iron Bridge Presbyterian Charge (includes Iron Bridge, Dean Lake, Patton, Bright, Dayton), 1906-1924; records, including baptisms, 1904, of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Goldenburgh, 1904; Official Board minutes of Livingstone Creek Pastoral Charge (includes Iron Bridge Methodist Circuit, Little Rapids, Livingstone Creek, Dayton, Wharncliffe, Sowerby), 1909-1947; records, including baptisms, 1927-1948, burials, 1926-1958, of Iron Bridge Pastoral Charge (includes Iron Bridge, Dean Lake, Patton, Bright, Bellingham), 1926-1958; communion roll of Goldenburgh Pastoral Charge (includes Goldenburgh, Bellingham, Wharncliffe), 1927-1933; records, including baptisms, 1906-1939, of Bellingham United Church (includes Bellingham Presbyterian Church), 1900-1954; records of Iron Bridge United Church, 1926-1938.

          Iron Bridge Pastoral Charge (Ont.)
          CA ON00340 F1871 · Fonds · 1901-2015

          Fonds consists of records, including marriages, 1903-1912, of John Street Methodist Church, Sault Ste. Marie (formerly Steelton Church), 1902-1925; records, including baptisms, 1903-1936, 1944-2015, marriages, 1903-2015, burials, 1903-1905, 1913, 1928-1936, 1946-2015, of John Wesley United Church, Sault Ste. Marie (includes John Street Methodist Church), 1901-2015; records, including baptisms, 1920-1931, 1938-1965, marriages, 1921-1966 (includes Bruce Hill and Sault West United Churches), and burials, 1920-1930, 1938-1957, of All People's United Church, 1914-1966.

          John Wesley United Church (Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.)
          CA ON00340 F1907 · Fonds · 1897-1973

          Fonds consists of Sunday School financial record book of Lee Valley Methodist Church, 1901-1918; property records of Spanish Station Presbyterian Church, 1897-1902; records, including baptisms, 1898-1935, marriages, 1897-1970, burials, 1935-1971, of Massey Pastoral Charge (includes Massey Methodist Circuit (includes Massey, Walford, Spanish), Massey Presbyterian Church, Massey Union Charge, St. Andrew's Church in Massey, Walford, Zion Church in Spanish), 1897-1971; records of Walford United Church (includes Walford Union Church), 1924-1973; records of Lee Valley United Church, 1936-1964.

          Massey Pastoral Charge (Ont.)
          Fonds · 1890 - 1894

          The fonds consists of photographic negatives featuring members of the Patteson family. Most of the photographs on the glass plate negatives were taken by Rose MacInnes (nee Patteson) and feature the Pattesons on their estate in Eastwood, Ontario (the former Admiral Henry Vansittart property). The film negatives feature Daisy (Christine Millicent) Moss (nee Patteson) and her son Pat (Thomas) Moss.

          It is arranged into the following series and subseries:

          Series 1: Glass Negatives - Eastwood
          Series 2: Film Negatives - Pat & Daisy Moss

          MacInnes, Rose Louise