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People and organizations
Morris, Alexander, 1826-1889
Person · 1826-1889

Alexander Morris (1826-1889) was a lawyer, a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Ontario, a federal Member of Parliament, Chief Justice of Queen's Bench, Manitoba, and Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories.

Alexander Morris was born in Perth, Ontario, attended local schools, then went to Scotland and attended Madras College, St. Andrew's, and the University of Glasgow. On returning to Canada, he entered the firm of Heward and Thorne, commission merchants of Montreal. He left the firm within two years, and articled in law under John A. Macdonald in Kingston. He later went to Montreal to attend McGill University, where he obtained his B.A., M.A., B.C.L., and D.C.L.

In 1851, he entered the Montreal law office of Badgley and Morris, and was called to the bar of Upper Canada. In that same year, he married Margaret Cline of Cornwall.

In 1861, Alexander Morris was elected as a Conservative member for Lanark in the Legislative Assembly of Canada West, and held this seat until 1867. He was a member of the federal Parliament for Lanark from 1867 to 1872, and from 1869 to 1872 was Minister of Inland Revenue. In 1872, he was appointed Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba, and later in that same year was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba and the Northwest Territories, a position he held until 1877. During this period, he was also appointed Chief Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Manitoba, and held this post from 1873 to 1875.

In 1878 he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for East Toronto, and held this seat until 1886.

Morris, Alexander (family)

The Alexander Morris family, originally of Scotland, were distinguished in law, the military, and the administrative affairs of Canada throughout the nineteenth century.

Person · 1867-1940

The Hon. Isaac Benson Lucas (1867-1940) was a member of the Ontario Legislature from 1898 to 1919, and served as Provincial Treasurer and Attorney-General.

He was born in Warwick Township, Lambton County, and was educated at Strathroy Collegiate Institute and Osgoode Hall Law School. He married Elizabeth Richardson in 1893. Lucas was a member of the Ontario Legislature for Grey County from 1898 to 1919. During this time, he served as Chairman of the Private Bills Committee from 1907 to 1919, Provincial Treasurer from 1912 to 1914, and Attorney-General from 1914 to 1919. He also served as Vice- Chairman of Ontario Hydro-Electric Commission from 1914 to 1921.

Person · 1890-1955

Nathaniel Clarke Wallace Jr. (1890-1955) served Canada in the first World War, and later became a minister in the Anglican Church.

Nathaniel Clarke Wallace Jr. was a younger son of the Hon. Nathaniel Clarke Wallace, and served as a lieutenant in the 20th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force in the First World War, later rising to the rank of captain. He was also a student at Trinity University in Toronto, and became an Anglican clergyman.

Person · 1879-1921

Thomas Gordon Wallace (1879-1921) was a soldier in the Boer War and served as a Member of Parliament during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.

Thomas Gordon Wallace was the eldest son of the Hon. Nathaniel Clarke Wallace, and was educated at the Woodbridge Public School and the Weston High School. He was an active member of the militia and was made a captain in 1899. During the Boer War he resigned his commission to serve in South Africa as a private in the Royal Canadian Regiment. He was also an active member of the Grand Orange Lodge of British America, and served as Rector's Warden of Christ Church in Woodbridge for fifteen years. In the general election of 1907, he unsuccessfully contested the constituency of West York for the Liberal-Conservative party, but was elected in a by-election the following year. He held this seat until his death in 1921.

Person · 1844-1901

The Hon. Nathaniel Clarke Wallace (1844-1901) was a Member of Parliament in Canada, the Controller of Customs, and Grand Master of the Grand Orange Lodge of British America in the late nineteenth century.

The Hon. Nathaniel Clarke Wallace was born in Woodbridge, Ontario, and was educated at the Woodbridge Public School and the Weston Grammar School. After completing his studies at the Weston Grammar School, he taught there from 1864 to 1869. He then entered into partnership with his older brother, Thomas F. Wallace, in the flour mill and general store businesses they had established in Woodbridge in 1867. He held the post of First Deputy Reeve of Vaughn Township from 1874 to 1878, and in 1878 was chosen Warden of York County. In 1877 he married Belinda Gilmore of Ottawa, by whom he had seven children. In 1878 he was elected as a Liberal-Conservative to represent West York in the House of Commons, a riding he represented until his death in 1901. In 1887, he chaired a special committee of the House of Commons to investigate the problems of combines in the restraint of trade. In 1888 he introduced a Bill to incorporate the Grand Orange Lodge of British America, of which he was an active member, serving as Grand Master from 1897 until his death. From 1892 to 1895, he served as Controller of Customs. He resigned his position as Controller of Customs in a disagreement with his government over the Manitoba School Question. In the election of 1896, he ran as an independent, and by 1900 had rejoined the Liberal-Conservative party. He was also a member of the Church of England, and was superintendent of Christ Church Sunday School in Woodbridge for twenty-five years.

Wallace, Clarke (family)

The Clarke Wallace family were distinguished as Members of Parliament in Canada, in the military, and in service to the Church during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.

Person · 1843-1927

Lt. Col. Henry Robert Smith, C.M.G. (1843-1927), eldest son of Sir Henry Smith, was Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Parliament for 25 years, and saw frontier service from 1866-1872, and in the Northwest Rebellion.

Smith, Henry, 1812-1868
Person · 1812-1868

Sir Henry Smith (1812-1868), was a member of the Legislative Assembly for Frontenac County, 1841-1861; Solicitor- General for Canada West, 1854-1858; and Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Canada, 1858-1861.

Sir Henry Smith was born in London, England, and immigrated to Canada with his parents sometime before 1818. He attended Benjamin Workman's private school in Montreal, and the Midland District Grammar School in Kingston. He studied law under Christopher Hagerman and Thomas Kirkpatrick, and was called to the bar in 1834. He was made a Q.C. in 1846, and in 1853 was appointed the lawyer for the Grand Trunk Railway in Kingston. He also worked with John A. Macdonald on various legal cases. He speculated in land throughout the Midland District, was a founder of the Cataraqui Club, and was a trustee and secretary of the Midland District Grammar School. In 1841, he was elected to the Canada West Legislative Assembly for Frontenac, a seat which he held until 1861. From 1854 to 1858, he served as Solicitor- General for Canada West, and from 1858 to 1861 was the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. He was knighted in 1860. He lost his seat in 1861, regained it in 1867, then died in 1868.

Smith, Henry (family)

Members of the Henry Smith family had long distinguished careers in public service in Ontario and the federal parliament during the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

Russell, Peter, 1733-1808
Person · 1733-1808

Peter Russell (1733-1808) was appointed as Upper Canada's first Receiver-General in 1791, Speaker of the Legislative Council in 1795, and eventually became Administrator of Upper Canada in 1796.

He was born at Cork, Ireland, was educated by the Reverend Barton Parkinson, then spent six months at St. John's College, Cambridge in 1757. He entered the army at the beginning of the Seven Years War, and went to North America in 1755. He returned to Gibraltar to join the 14th Regiment where he had been appointed an ensign. In 1756 he took part in an attempt to relieve the garrison at Minorca. He was made a lieutenant in 1758, quit that position, then accepted a lieutenancy with the 94th Foot in 1760, and returned to North America. There he served as adjutant paymaster in the West Indies until 1763. At this time he bought a tobacco plantation near Williamsburg, Virginia with his gambling profits, and lived there for eight years. Later, due to gambling debts, he was forced to sell the plantation and return to England. He fled to the Netherlands to avoid his creditors, and spent ten months in the Fleet prison, being released under the Insolvent Debtors Act. In 1775 he was commissioned a lieutenant in an additional company in the 64th Foot, and spent three year recruiting in Ireland.

He sailed to North America in 1778, succeeded to the captain-lieutenancy, and then became assistant secretary to the commandant in chief Sir Henry Clinton. In 1780 he received his captaincy, which he later sold, and sailed back to England in 1782. While in England he wrote what was considered a controversial history of the American campaigns. In 1791 he was appointed Receiver-General of Upper Canada, and sailed to Upper Canada in 1792 with his half-sister Elizabeth. In 1794, he was appointed a temporary puisne judge, and in 1795 was made Speaker of the Legislative Council. In 1796, Governor Simcoe took a leave of absence, and appointed Russell administrator of Upper Canada. In this position, Russell reformed the system of land grants in Upper Canada, including the rescinding of all township grants. He also dealt with Native Indian land issues at this time, especially the lands along the Grand River. He was succeeded in 1799 when Peter Hunter was appointed Governor, and died at York in 1808.

Person · 1878-1971

Arthur Wentworth Roebuck (1878-1971) was a newspaper owner and provincial and federal Liberal politician active in Ontario between 1934 and 1940.

He was born at Hamilton, Ontario on February 28, 1878 to Henry Simpson Roebuck and Lydia Abigail Macklem. He worked at a variety of commercial enterprises and the Toronto Daily Star, and then became owner of the Temiskaming Herald and the Cobalt Citizen, which he sold in 1915 when he decided to study law. He was called to the bar in 1917.

Roebuck ran unsuccessfully for office four times, representing different parties: as a Liberal in the riding of Temiskaming in the Ontario elections of 1911 and 1914; in 1917 as an Independent Labour Party candidate in the federal election; and in 1923 as a United Farmers of Ontario candidate in the riding of East York.

He was first successfully elected as a Liberal in the provincial riding of Bellwoods in 1934, and as a member of the Hepburn Liberal administration was appointed simultaneously Attorney- General, Minister of Labour and as a Commissioner to the Hydro-Electric Power Commission. He ceased being Minister of Labour in 1935, but held onto the other positions until 1937 when a disagreement with Hepburn over the entry of a labour union into Ontario forced him to resign. In the Ontario election of 1937 he won easily, and stood as an independent Liberal in the Legislature.

Roebuck was elected to the House of Commons as a federal Liberal in 1940. In 1943 he attempted to re-enter provincial politics when he stood for the leadership of the Ontario Liberal Party, but was unsuccessful. In 1945 he ran the federal Liberal Party campaign in Ontario, and later that year was appointed to the Senate. He died in 1971.


The Robinson family of Upper Canada were distinguished in law, the military, and politics in the late eighteenth and the nineteenth century. Sir John Beverley Robinson (1791-1863) was Attorney-General and Solicitor- General of Upper Canada, and was Chief Justice of Upper Canada. His son Christopher (1828-1905) was a Toronto lawyer and was chancellor of Trinity University. Another son, Sir Charles (1836-1924), was a soldier and writer. A relative of John Beverley Robinson, Sir Frederick Robinson (1763-1852), was a soldier and provisional Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada. Another relative, Sir William H. Robinson (1766- 1836), was a soldier and Commissary-General of Nova Scotia.

John Beverley Robinson's son Christopher was born in Toronto and was educated at local schools. In 1850, he was called to the bar. In 1902 he was elected chancellor of Trinity University.

Another son, Sir Charles W. Robinson was born in Toronto, and was educated at Upper Canada College and Trinity College. He joined the English Rifle Brigade in 1857, and retired from the army in 1898. He turned to historical writing, and authored The Life of Sir John Beverley Robinson.

Sir Frederick P. Robinson was born in New York and was the son of Colonel Beverley Robinson. He fought in the American Revolution and the Peninsular War. While he was the commander of the forces in Upper Canada in 1815, he held the position of provisional Lieutenant- Governor for two months. After further service in the army, Robinson retired to England.

Sir William H. Robinson was the youngest son of Colonel Beverley Robinson, and was sent to England during the American Revolution. He served in the English army for a number of years before he was transferred to Nova Scotia as Commissary- General in 1809. He later retired in England.

Person · 1778-1855

Samuel Smith Ridout (1778-1855) was a public servant, merchant and militia officer in Upper Canada in the early nineteenth century.

Samuel Smith Ridout was born in Annapolis, Maryland and following the death of his mother, was raised by his uncle John Donovan, postmaster of Hancock, while his father was active in the carrying trade with France and the West Indies. In 1800, after Thomas Ridout had settled in York, Upper Canada, Samuel Smith Ridout left Maryland to join his father's new family.

In 1801, Ridout entered the Surveyor General's Office as a clerk, and in 1806 became a deputy provincial surveyor, remaining in this post until 1829. He also served as sheriff of the Home District from 1815 to 1827, and as agent for the collection of fees for land grants from 1816 to 1834. He was appointed registrar of York County in 1827 and remained in this position until his death in 1855.

Ridout entered the militia as a lieutenant in 1807, received a commission in the 1st York militia in 1809 and was promoted a captain in the 3rd York militia in the spring of 1812.

In 1805, he married Eliza Parsons and they had four sons and five daughters. Following the death of Eliza in 1838, he married Mary Hardwick Unwin, the widow of Francis Humphreys.

Ridout, George, 1791-1871
Person · 1791-1871

George Ridout (1791-1871) eldest son of Thomas Ridout and Mary Campbell, was a lawyer and judge in Upper Canada in the early nineteenth century.

George Ridout was born in Lower Canada and was sent to John Strachan's school in Cornwall, Upper Canada from 1805-1807 along with the sons of other prominent York families. He then studied law in a private practice. During the War of 1812, Ridout fought in the battle of Queenston Heights as 3rd lieutenant in the grenadier company of the York militia and in 1813 was taken prisoner of war when the Americans captured York (Toronto).

Ridout was admitted to the bar in 1813 and in 1820 became a bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada. In 1828, he was appointed judge of the Niagara District Court. Ridout was also involved in commercial interests and became a director of the Bank of Upper Canada in 1822 and a member of the board of the City of Toronto and Lake Huron Railway in 1845.

George Ridout married Dorothy McCuaig of Boston and had one daughter. He later married Belle Nelson and had four daughters and four sons.

Person · 1792-1861

Thomas Gibbs Ridout (1792-1861) second son of Thomas Ridout and Mary Campbell, was a public servant and cashier of the Bank of Upper Canada in the early nineteenth century.

Thomas Gibbs Ridout was born near Sorel, Lower Canada, and was educated under John Strachan at Cornwall, Upper Canada. He served as Deputy Assistant Commissary General for Upper Canada during the War of 1812, and remained in that service until 1820. He was appointed cashier of the Bank of Upper Canada in 1822 and remained with the bank until his death in 1861.

In 1825, Ridout married Anna Maria Louisa Sullivan, and had two sons and one daughter. His wife and two children died in 1832. Two years later, he married Matilda Ann Bramley of Yorkshire, England, with whom he had eleven children: Charles, Joseph, John Gibbs, Juliana, Matilda, Louisa, Donald, Augusta, George, Laura and Trevelyan.

Ridout, Thomas, 1754-1829
Person · 1754-1829

Thomas Ridout (1754-1829) was a politician and public servant in Upper Canada during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century.

Thomas Ridout was born in Sherbourne, England, and emigrated to Maryland in 1774. His elder brother, who was already established in Maryland, financed his entry into the carrying trade with the West Indies and France. In 1788, Ridout was captured by the Shawnee while travelling to Kentucky to collect business debts and was eventually released at the British-held fort at Detroit. After moving to Montreal and Newark (Niagara), he joined the Surveyor-General's office and settled at York. He was made Sergeant-at-Arms to the Legislative Assembly in 1794, Registrar of the Home District in 1796, Captain of Militia in 1799, Clerk of the Peace for the Home District, and Surveyor-General in 1810. He served as a Member of the Legislative Assembly for the East riding of York and Simcoe in 1812, and was made a member of the Legislative Council in 1824.

About 1776, Thomas Ridout married Isabella -, a sister-in-law of John Donovan (Post Master of Hancock, Virginia) in Maryland, and Samuel Smith Ridout was a son of this marriage. he married his second wife, Mary Campbell, in 1789, with whom he had twelve children: George, Thomas Gibbs, Anne, Mary, Frances, John, Sararh, William, Horatio, Charles, Francis and Lucy.

Ridout, Thomas (family)

The Ridout family were involved in politics, the public service and business in Upper Canada during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

Person · 1797-1882

James Hervey Price (1797-1882) was a municipal and provincial politician active in Toronto and Ontario between 1834 and 1851.

James Hervey Price was born in 1797 in Cumberland, England. He married Elizabeth Anne Rubernall (probably before 1822), and arrived in Upper Canada in 1828. He settled in the York Township area, now Toronto, and bought two tracts of land. He became a politician identified with the Reform cause, and was involved in municipal politics. He was Toronto's first City Clerk in 1834, and elected as a Councillor for St. David's Ward in 1836. Although a reformer, he eschewed party politics. In 1841 he was elected to York for the first parliament of the Province of Canada, and acted as Commissioner of Crown Lands between 1848 and 1851. He lost the York South riding in the election of 1851, a source of bitterness for him until his death. He left Canada by 1860 and died on July 13, 1882 in Shirley, Hampshire, England.

Person · 1872-1960

William Henry Moore (1872-1960) was an author and politician in Ontario.

William Henry Moore was born October 19, 1872 in Stouffville, Ontario, and died near Dunbarton, Ontario, on August 16, 1960. He was an author and politician. His works included Railway Nationalisation and the Average Citizen and Railway Nationalisation and the Farmer, published in 1917. He also published The Irresponsible Five (1917), The Commandments of Men (1925), The Definite National Purpose (1935), Underneath it All (1942), When the Iron is Hot (1943), Grey Days (1945) and By their Fruits (1949). Moore served as Chairman of the Advisory Board On Tariff And Taxation. .