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People and organizations

Roland, Charles Gordon

  • Persona
  • 1933 - 2009

Charles (Chuck) Gordon Roland was a physician, writer, medical historian, and the first Hannah Chair for the History of Medicine at McMaster University. Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba in 1933, Dr. Roland studied at the University of Toronto before completing his medical degree at the University of Manitoba. He was a general practitioner in Tillsonburg and Grimsby, Ontario from 1958 to 1964. Following this, Dr. Roland took various roles in teaching, writing, and editing in America, including senior editorship at the Journal of the American Medical Association, lecturing at Northwestern University, and assisting in developing the Mayo Clinic’s medical school, initially holding associate professorship prior to chairing its Department of Biomedical Communications. He became the inaugural Hannah Professor for the History of Medicine at McMaster University in 1977, and retired in 1999. Dr. Roland passed on June 9, 2009, at the age of 76.

Dr. Roland’s research and writing produced a large corpus of work, and he was involved with various associations during his career, including the Toronto Medical History Society and the American Osler Society. Dr. Roland conducted over three hundred oral history interviews pertaining to the history of medicine in wartime, in Canada, and the formation of McMaster University’s School of Medicine. His extensive work regarding wartime medicine in particular produced two monographs about the clandestine Warsaw ghetto medical school, and the experiences of Prisoners-of-War in the Pacific Theater of the Second World War. His other research interests included the medical histories of Canada and Hamilton, and Sir William Osler.

Dr. Roland’s published works include biographies of notable figures in Canadian medical history, Courage under Siege: starvation, disease, and death in the Warsaw ghetto, Long Night’s Journey into Day, bibliographies in the history of Canadian medicine, and many publications related to his research on Sir William Osler. Dr. Roland edited and/or wrote for the Journal of the American Medical Association, Mayo Clinic Proceedings, the Canadian Medical Association Journal, Clinical Cardiology, Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, the Journal of Anesthesia and Analgesia, and various other medical journals.

Crapo, Henry H.

  • Persona
  • [197--?]-

Dr. Henry H. Crapo was a faculty member at the University of Waterloo in the Department of Pure Mathematics. Crapo donated a sizable volume of rare books and materials for the history of dance for Special Collections & Archives at the University of Waterloo. Crapo also helped to organize the Vestris Prize choreography competition with Boston Ballet in 1967

Turnbridge, Marjorie, 1921-

  • Persona
  • 1921-

Marjorie A. Turnbridge was born in Winnipeg in 1921. She attended the University of British Columbia and received a B.A. in 1946. Following that she attended Emmanuel College at Victoria University for one years, then the United Church Training School from 1946-1947. She was a deaconess at Central United Church in Sarnia from 1947-1949, then was appointed by the Women's Missionary Society as a Missionary to Japan. From 1949-1951 she undertook language study in Tokyo, then worked in Kanazawa doing evangelistic work from 1951-1953. From 1953-1954, she was on furlough, then did evangelistic work in Nagano from 1954-1956, and Ueda from 1956-1961. For four years she was also a Field Representative of the United Church of Christ in Japan, and for one year the English Secretary of the Interboard Field Committee and Council of Co-Operation in Tokyo. Turnbridge returned to Vancouver in 1986 and undertook translation work and was an avid volunteer and frequent speaker on behalf of the Division of World Outreach.

Desrat, G.

  • Persona
  • 1830-[19-?]

G. Desrat was a French professor of dance. He wrote many books on the subject including "Le Cotillon" (1855), "Traité de la danse" (ca 1890), "Méthode de danse de salon" (ca 1864), and "Dictionnaire de la danse, historique, théorique, pratique et bibliographique, depuis l'origine de la danse jusqu'a nos jours" (1895).

Mackay, Isabel Ecclestone

  • Persona
  • 1875-1928

Isabel Ecclestone Mackay (nee Macpherson), author, was born in Woodstock, Ontario on November 25, 1875. Isabel was educated at the Woodstock Collegiate Institute and began writing for the Woodstock Daily Express at the age of 15. In 1895 Isabel married Peter J. Mackay and in 1909 they moved to Vancouver where Isabel wrote all of her major works.

All together she published six novels, four collections of poems and five plays as well as over 300 poems and short stories in various publications. Many of Isabel's plays were staged in Canada and the United States. Isabel was also the first president of the Canadian Women's Press Club and president of the British Columbia Section of the Canadian Authors' Association. Her play "Treasure" won the open, all Canadian I.O.D.E. contest in 1926. Isabel died August 15, 1928.

Hewlett, Annie Elizabeth May

  • Persona
  • 1887-1974

Annie Elizabeth MayHewlett (1887-1974) was a writer in Saskatchewan. She was born Annie Elizabeth May Brown in Sutton-on Hill, Yorkshire, England, on February 25, 1887. At the age of 12 she established a newspaper that continued to circulate in her district for years after she immigrated to Canada. She attended teachers college in London and taught school prior to her sailing for Canada in the spring of 1911. That summer, she taught painting at Banff, and in December of that year, she married Arthur Hewlett. Early in 1912, Arthur and Annie Hewlett moved to Cannington Manor in southeast Saskatchewan. During the depression years, Annie wrote a column called "Down on the farm" for the Saskatchewan Farmer. In 1970, at the age of 83, she published her first book, A too short yesterday, and in 1972-1973 a serial, "The gate," appeared in the Western Producer. Exhibitions of her watercolour paintings were held at the Regina Public Library, as well as one in Laguna Beach, California. She was the first president of the Saskatchewan Homemakers' Association for farm wives, and a member of the Canadian Women's Press Club.

Parkhill, Douglas F., 1923-1995

  • Persona
  • 1923-12-19 - 1995

Douglas Freeman Parkhill was born on 19 December 1923. He received a bachelors in electrical engineering from the University of Toronto in 1949. From 1949 to 1951 he worked for Canadian Comstock Corporation on the frequency change from 25 to 60 cycles in southern Ontario. He worked with Computing Devices of Canada Ltd. in Ottawa as a systems engineer. He was briefly with AVCO of Canada Limited in Toronto as a Supervisor of Engineering before going to AVCO Corporation in Wilmington, Massachusetts, as Deputy Manager of the Computer and Electronic Systems Department. In 1958 Parkhill became chief engineer of the Advanced Development Department for General Dynamics Corporation in Rochester, New York. Working for MITRE Corporation in Bedford, Massachusetts, from 1961-69, he eventually became head of its Satellite Communications Systems.

In September 1969 Parkhill joined the federal Department of Communications in Ottawa as Director General of Policy, Plans and Programs Branch. He became Assistant Deputy Minister (Planning) in 1970 and was responsible for the Canadian Computer Communication Policy. He was also the OECD Panel on Computer Communications Policy which advised governments on changes brought about by computerization.

Parkhill’s final position with the department was as Assistant Deputy Minister (Research) starting in 1974. He was responsible for communication satellites, computer communications, the development of fibre-optic networks, image communications etc. Parkhill was one of the forces behind the development of Telidon, a Canadian public-private videotex and teletext system. Parkhill received the Outstanding Achievement Award of the Government of Canada in 1982 for his work in this area. He died in 1995.

Parkhill was the author of numerous talks and articles between 1956 and 1984 on the evolving role and challenges of computers, computer networks, communication technologies and the role of the federal government in these areas. He also produced fifty-some classified reports on military information systems, military space systems, satellite control systems and other topics. Parkhill was author of The Challenge of Computer Utility (1966) and with Dave Godfrey, wrote Gutenberg Two: The New Electronics and Social Change (1979).

After Parkhill retired from government service in April 1984, he received a contract from the Deputy Minister of Communications to write a history of the development of the videotex/teletext industry in Europe, Asia, the US and Canada. His manuscript on the development of Telidon “The Beginning of a Beginning” was completed in 1987.

Shortt, Elizabeth Smith

  • Persona
  • 1859-1949

Elizabeth Smith was born Jan. 18, 1859 at 'Mountain Hall', Vinemount. She was educated by a governess in the home, at Winona School and at the Hamilton Collegiate Institute. She attended Queen's University, Kingston and received her degree in medicine at the Royal Medical College in 1884 (one of the first 3 women M.D.'s in Canada). She also received a diploma from the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons.

For two years Dr. Elizabeth Smith practised in Hamilton. She was married Dec. 3, 1886 to Adam Shortt. They moved to Kingston where Elizabeth lectured at Queen's on Medical Jurisprudence and Sanitary Science. She worked for the first Y.W.C.A. in Canada and served as its president, and was a sponsor of the Kingston Musical Club and presided over it for seven years.

In September 1908 she and her husband, Dr. Adam Shortt, moved to Ottawa where she became very active in the local, provincial, and National Council of Women affairs. In connection with these organizations she wrote pamphlets on social aspects of tuberculosis, housing, inspection of markets, clean-up weeks, fly control, pasteurization of milk, care of mentally deficient, child welfare, and mother's pensions'. In 1911 she was the first Convener of the Public Health and Mental Hygiene Committee of the National Council of Women. She was also Convener of the Committee on Immigration in the Council and was instrumental in organizing a hostel for women immigrants in Ottawa. She was largely responsible in convening a committee to petition the Provincial Government to establish Mother's Allowances in Ontario, and when this was accomplished in 1920, she was appointed vice-chairman of the Provincial Board of Mother's Allowances and acted in that capacity for seven years. She died in Ottawa Jan. 14, 1949.

Muriel Shortt and Roger Clark married in 1917 and settled into fruit farming in Vineland. Her portion of the fonds contains details of the struggle to become established in this field.

Lorraine Shortt, a graduate of Queen's, chose a field in the public service - social work, and the collection traces her successful career in this area.

Long, Elizabeth

  • Persona
  • 1891-1978

Elizabeth Dundas Long was a Canadian journalist and broadcaster who was head of the Women's Talks Department at the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba on October 10, 1891, Long was educated at the University of Manitoba where she received her Master of Arts in English Poetry. In 1920 she began working as Reporter of Women's Activities for the Winnipeg Tribune and in 1922 became Editor of the Social and Women's Department at the Winnipeg Free Press. Long worked there until 1926 when she became Associate Editor of the Free Press Prairie Farmer. In 1938 Long joined the CBC, the first woman to be hired by the corporation in an executive capacity, as head of women's interests. She later worked as special advisor to the CBC on women's interests until her retirement in 1956. During this time, and in her retirement years, she held many positions such as Vice President of the International Council of Women. Long died in 1978.

Smith, Mauritana

  • Persona
  • 1856-1946

Mauritana Smith Coon was the daughter of Damaris Isabella Smith and sister of Elizabeth Smith Shortt, who was one of the first three female medical doctors in Canada. Mauritana was born on August 9, 1856, to a loyalist family in Winona, near Hamilton, Ontario. She was educated by a governess, in the Winona School and at the St. Catharines Collegiate Institute. She taught in the Lee neighborhood and at Hamilton Beach, and the Waterford Public School. She married Hervey A. Coon in 1887. She died June 18, 1946.

DeFraeye, Norman

  • Persona
  • ca. 1989

Norman was a landscape architect who worked for the Dept. of Recreation, Town of Vaughan

Hartleib, Sister Mary Anthony

  • Persona
  • February 10, 1924- June 23, 2008

Sister Mary Anthony Hartleib (nee Mary Anne Lenore) was born in Stratford, Ontario on February 10, 1924. She was the daughter of Charles Henry Hartleib and Loretta Durand. Her stepmother was Mary Hartleib of Waterloo, Ontario. Mary Anne Lenore Hartleib joined the congregation of the Sisters of St. Joseph of London, Ontario and received the habit on July 2, 1965. She made her first vows on July 2, 1966 and her final vows on May 30, 1971 in the Chapel at Mount St. Joseph. She was given the religious name Sister Mary Anthony. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in art and theology at the University of Windsor in 1969, and then studied at Althouse College in London, Ontario. Sister Mary Anthony received a permanent teaching certificate in 1972, a supervisor’s certificate in art, and a teaching certificate in art and English. From 1970 until 1981, she supervised the art department at Mount St. Joseph Academy in London. She was appointed assistant bursar at Mount St. Joseph, but continued with art and the teaching of ceramics until 1985 when her art work took a new turn. Always interested in the spiritual, Sister Mary Anthony turned to iconography. She spent two years studying Chinese water colour painting, followed by three years of iconography. She was a scholar, a skilled teacher of art, and a passionate advocate of the way icons open the mystery of the sacred. Sister Mary Anthony became well known as an iconographer and maintained a studio in the Sisters’ residence after Mount St. Joseph Academy closed. For several years, she shared her knowledge of iconography with the seminarians at St. Peter’s Seminary in London. The community of the Sisters of St. Joseph moved to 485 Windermere Road in 2007, where Sister Mary Anthony occupied her own art studio. Three of her icons, including that of the Blessed Trinity, were placed in the Chapel at the new residence. After a very short illness, Sister Mary Anthony died in the care centre at the Sisters’ Residence on June 23, 2008. Her funeral Mass of Resurrection was celebrated in St. Joseph Chapel in the residence at 485 Windermere Road. Father Frank O’Connor of St. Peter’s Seminary was the main celebrant. Sister Mary Anthony was buried in St. Peter’s cemetery in London.

Gagner, Sister Eveline

  • Persona
  • 1917-2020

Sister Eveline Gagner was born in Chatham, Ontario on July 3, 1917. She was one of five children born to Dieudonne Gagner of Tilbury, Ontario and Marie Helene Caron of Dover Township, Kent County, Ontario. Her sister, Viola Marie Blanche, also entered the Congregation, and was given the religious name Yvonne.

Sister Eveline received her B.A. from Assumption University, Windsor in 1963, and her M.A. in Theology from the University of Windsor in 1972. She received a diploma from Lumen Vitae in Brussels. Following this, she received the Attestation d’Etudes: Recherche en Catéchèse from the University of Montreal in 1967. Three years later, in 1970, she received her Attestation d’Etudes: Perfectionnement en Religion from the University of Sherbrooke. Sister Eveline attended the EXODUS program in St. Louis Missouri, during a sabbatical period in 1988.

As well as her academic training, Sister Eveline holds her permanent teaching certificates for French and English. She taught from 1939 to 1979 in separate schools in Ontario, in London, Windsor, Belle River and Sarnia, and held positions as principal as well during this time. From 1969 to 1973, she served as the religion consultant for the Roman Catholic Separate School Board in Windsor, Ontario. From 1979 to 1982 Sister Eveline worked in the field of adult faith education as a catechist in the Stratford Deanery, followed by pastoral ministry at St. Andrew’s Parish in London from 1982 to 1988. Sister Eveline served as a volunteer in various capacities, including as a hospital visitor and ministering to the poor.

Fleming, James H.

  • Persona
  • 1872-1940

James Henry Fleming was born on July 5th, 1872 in the Toronto home of his parents on Yonge street. His father, James Fleming (1812-1887) emigrated to Canada from Aberdeen, Scotland in 1834. James Fleming, senior moved to Toronto from Montreal in 1836 and established a profitable nursery and seed growing business at the corner of what is now Yonge and Elm Streets. In addition to being a successful businessman, James Fleming was active in public affairs. He was a justice of the peace for the city of Toronto and county of York, alderman for St. John's Ward 1877-80, and a director of several agricultural societies. Following the death of his first wife (Margaret Geddes), James Fleming married Mary Elizabeth Wade (1833-1923) of Port Hope, Ontario in 1869. The only surviving child of this union was James Henry Fleming. There was, however, a half-sister, Isabella (1839-1883), from his father's first marriage.

J.H. Fleming attended the Model School in St. James Square and subsequently graduated from Upper Canada College in 1889. He obtained no formal secondary education, although he did attend a mining school in London, England for a brief period. He married Christine Mackay Keefer (1867-1903) of Rockliffe Park on December 8, 1897 and together they had his only two children, Annie Elizabeth (1899-1946) and Thomas Keefer (1901-1988). Following the death of his first wife, he married Caroline Toovey (1876- 1958) of Towersey, Oxfordshire, England on 1908. J.H. Fleming was independently employed in the management of his father's Elm and Yonge Street properties, which he inherited in 1897. This arrangement allowed him the time and financial freedom to pursue his love of ornithology as a true amateur.

J.H. Fleming began cultivating his natural history interests at a very young age. His first interest was in the plants and butterflies of the Elm street garden, but, by the age of twelve his passion had settled on birds. The earliest specimens in his collection date from 1884 and he was known to have purchased hummingbird skins with his lunch money while still in primary school. An 1886 visit to London and the Natural History Museum with his father convinced him to begin an ornithological collection. In 1905 J.H. Fleming had the first of two additions built onto his home at 267 Rusholme Road to house the growing collection. The collection and library eventually occupied a three-storey addition and was comprised
of 32,267 specimens representing all of the 27 known orders of recent birds, 163 out of 166 families, 2074 of 2600 genera, and over 6300 species (based on the taxonomy at the time of his death), plus approximately 10,000 library items. At the time of his death, the collection was believed to be the largest and most representative private collection of birds in the world.

Many awards and honours were bestowed upon J.H. Fleming during his life time including the following: Honourary Curator of Ornithology, National Museum of Canada, 1913; Honourary Curator of Division of Birds, Royal Ontario Museum, 1927; Honourary Member Societe Ornithologique & Mammalogique de France, 1931; first Canadian president of the American ornithologists' Union, 1932; corresponding Member of the Zoological society of London; Colonial Member of the British Ornithologists Union. In addition, J.H. Fleming published more than 80 scientific notes and papers and presented many others at the meetings of the Brodie Club, Toronto Ornithological Club and Toronto Field Naturalists Club.

James Henry Fleming died in his home on 27 June 1940 of natural causes. On March 20th, 1928 he had written a codicil to his will leaving all of his ornithological collection and scientific library to the Royal Ontario Museum. The bequest placed the Royal Ontario Museum among the leading ornithological collections in North America.

Neufeld, John, d. 1996

  • Persona
  • b.-1996

John and Doris Neufeld who owned a restaurant in Maple near the Community Centre. They later moved to Patton Street in King City. When John passed away in 1996, Doris decided to sell their home and move to Toronto.

Walter, John

  • Persona
  • 1892-1978

John Walter, Jr. was a Canadian politician and businessman. The eldest of four children, he was born April 10, 1892 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin to John and Caroline (nee Drier). He attended elementary school in Milwaukee and Detroit, Michigan before attending high school at the Crane Technical High School in Chicago, Illinois. He immigrated to Canada with his family in 1912 and worked alongside his father and brother as a manufacturer with the family company, John Walter & Sons. He married Olga Klehn, of Kitchener, on August 9, 1922. They lived for a time at 32 Fairview Avenue in Kitchener, Ontario.

In the 1930s Walter served first as Vice-President and later President of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F) party's Kitchener branch. He ran against and lost in the 1935 federal election to William Daum Euler. In addition to his affiliation with the C.C.F., Walter served as a Kitchener public school board trustee for nine years during the 1920s and 30s.

Walter died on April 17, 1978.

Clark, Eugene Ferrin

  • Persona
  • 1899-1973

Eugene Ferrin Clark was born March 19, 1899 in New London, Connecticut to parents Daniel Edgar (1868-1942) and Grace "Gracey" Emilie (nee Crocker) (1872-1938). He enrolled as a member of the U.S. Army in New Haven on September 12, 1918 at which time his draft registration card listed him as an employee of English & Mersick Co.' Radiator Department. Clark married Luella Chase Mosher, sometime after 1930, and died August 24, 1973 in Tranverse City, Michigan.

Calthrop, Dion William Palgrave Clayton

  • Persona
  • 1878-1937

D. Calthrop was born May 2, 1878 in London, England, the son of actors. He was introduced to the stage while still a young boy. He wrote a number of books and was also known for his paintings. He died in England March 1937.

Churchill, Mary B.

  • Persona
  • [ca. 1817]-1870

Mary Buckminster Churchill nee Brewer was born circa 1817 in Massachusetts to Darius Brewer (b. 1785) and Harriet Buckminster (b. 1793). Mary married Asaph Churchill (b. ca. 1814) a lawyer on May 1, 1838 in Dorchester Massachusetts. Mary died in 1870.

Davison, Beatrice, 1885-1969

  • Persona

Beatrice Davison (1885-1969) served as a Nursing Sister during the First World War. Born in Ottawa on 18 October, 1885 to George Davison and Ada Gough, she decided in her twenties to train as a nurse. She trained at the Roosevelt Hospital in New York, in 1915, she returned to Ottawa and joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force, Canadian Army Medical Corps as a Nursing Sister. She left immediately for England for training. She was then posted to France, sometimes serving behind the lines and sometimes in a field hospital. In 1919, Beatrice returned to Canada and went to work at Christie St. Hospital where she met Reginald Collier, a recovering patient. They married in 1923 and she left the nursing profession. During the Second World War, Beatrice was active in the Red Cross. In 1963, the Colliers moved to Bobcaygeon, Ontario. She died 30 October, 1969.

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